Wednesday, August 30, 2017

Secretary Mattis Remarks at Bilateral Meeting with Republic of Korea Defense Minister Song Young-Moo

Remarks as Delivered by Secretary of Defense James Mattis, The Pentagon, Washington, DC, Aug. 30, 2017

Welcome Minister, your Excellency Ambassador Ahn, and military officers, members of the delegation. Welcome to the Pentagon. You are most welcome here.

Thank you for traveling to Washington so soon after your assignment to this post. It is good to meet you in person after we had already spoken earlier this month. This says a great deal about the priority you and your President place on our relationship to come so soon.

The Republic of Korea-U.S. alliance has played an enduring role in regaining and maintaining South Korea’s security since 1950. As President Moon remarked earlier this week, our alliance serves as the foundation of peace on the Korean Peninsula. Our countries share a commitment to democratic values, and we work together to maintain a stable environment in which all pacific nations can prosper.

For 64 years, our countries’ mutual defense treaty has provided a rock-solid basis for collaboration on defense measures – measures designed to keep that peace, to protect the South Korean people and uphold vital American interests.

As we have seen the threat to security in the Northwest Pacific become more severe, our nations’ defense relationship thus becomes more important than ever and a bedrock for international efforts to temper North Korea’s aggressive actions. The recent United Nations Security Council sanctions and ASEAN communique demonstrate the international community’s resolve against North Korean actions. Last evening’s Security Council actions show that the world will not stand for North Korea’s reckless and intolerable behavior.

Here in Washington we are keenly aware that South Korea is on the frontline and we cannot be complacent. We note with confidence that you have pledged to increase defense spending under President Moon. In the interest of keeping our alliance fit for these times, we must continue to deepen our military relationship, building on the high level of trust that exists between our two nations.

As you say in Korean, katchi kapshida, or “we go forward together.” Minister Song, I look forward to the usual transparent dialogue on how we will work together, in what you called an honest and candid conversation.

Again Minister, Excellency, and members of the delegation, welcome to the Pentagon.

Mattis Announces Panel Will Review President’s Transgender Guidance

WASHINGTON, Aug. 30, 2017 — Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said yesterday in a statement that the Defense Department has received President Donald J. Trump’s memorandum addressing the military service of transgender persons.

DoD will carry out the president's policy direction in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, Mattis said. The memorandum, dated Aug. 25, 2017, and entitled "Military Service by Transgender Individuals," directs DoD to develop a study and implementation plan that will “contain the steps that will promote military readiness, lethality and unit cohesion, with due regard for budgetary constraints and consistent with applicable law,” the defense secretary said.

“The soon-arriving senior civilian leadership of DoD will play an important role in this effort,” he said. “The implementation plan will address accessions of transgender individuals and transgender individuals currently serving in the United States military.”

“Our focus must always be on what is best for the military's combat effectiveness leading to victory on the battlefield. To that end, I will establish a panel of experts serving within the departments of defense and homeland security to provide advice and recommendations on the implementation of the president's direction,” Mattis said. “Panel members will bring mature experience, most notably in combat and deployed operations, and seasoned judgment to this task. The panel will assemble and thoroughly analyze all pertinent data, quantifiable and non-quantifiable. Further information on the panel will be forthcoming.”

Once the panel reports its recommendations, Mattis said he will consult with the secretary of homeland security before providing advice to the president concerning implementation of his policy direction.

“In the interim, current policy with respect to currently serving members will remain in place,” the defense secretary said. “I expect to issue interim guidance to the force concerning the president's direction, including any necessary interim adjustments to procedures, to ensure the continued combat readiness of the force until our final policy on this subject is issued.”

Bobsledder Drives for Perfection as Winter Olympics Approach

By David Vergun Army News Service

LAKE PLACID, N.Y., Aug. 30, 2017 — It's a dog-eat-dog world, said Army Sgt. Nick Cunningham.

A total of seven bobsled teams are training now at Lake Placid. But only the top three U.S. bobsled teams in this year's World Cup standings will get to represent the United States in the XXIII Olympic Winter Games this February in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

It's a big responsibility to serve as pilot, or driver, on a bobsled team, Cunningham said.

"I can get someone killed in this sport," he said. "You're basically going down a twisting mile-long track at 90 mph with no seatbelt. We go flat out. We don't touch the brakes until we reach the bottom."

Accidents happen often, he said, though he was quick to point out that they are not always fatal.

"Everyone crashes and lots of guys have gotten ice burns," he said.

There's a fine line between going out of control and making a safe run, Cunningham said.

Explosive Power Training

Cunningham described the training process, which begins months and even years prior to the Winter Olympics.

During the summer months, there's no ice track to practice on. Instead, teams use a push track at the Olympic Training Center here. It's basically a railroad track with a modified bobsled frame on railway wheels.

Because the track is straight, it's not necessary to steer. Instead, the teams use the push track to practice getting their sled up to speed. It's all about getting a good start, Cunningham said. Every team member, including the driver, is involved in helping the sled gain momentum at the start of the race.

"We need to move that 300-pound sled 50 meters in about 5 seconds," he said.

That push training is accompanied with a lot of weightlifting in the gym and sprints on a track that is adjacent to the push track. In other words, a lot of explosive power training is involved.

Besides power training, there's a bit of choreography that goes with the sport.

"You want to ensure you're running at full speed -- not chopping your steps -- because all velocity needs to be going forward," Cunningham said.

That choreography also involves good teamwork, with everyone getting in step, he said. It's the driver's job to ensure that the team is working well together and is "loading" when they're supposed to, meaning piling on the bobsled after the push phase.

"I need to put a team on the hill that can compete," he said. "Otherwise, my Olympic shot is over. Less than a tenth of a second separates the winners from the losers."

Once the pushing phase is done, most of the rest of the work falls on the shoulders of the driver, he said.

While Cunningham is steering, the job of the others on the bobsled is to basically stay put and keep in synch with the sled.

"They're trying to be fluid with the sled," he said, meaning ever so slightly adjusting their posture with the sled as it hits the curves.

Races Leading Up to Olympics

The Olympic teams won't be named until January. Between now and then, the bobsledders will participate in eight World Cup races: two in the U.S., one in Canada, three in Germany, one in Austria and one in Switzerland.

Every track is different, Cunningham said. So before each race, the athletes study each track and do practice runs. For Cunningham, this means concentrating on hitting his marks, which are called steering points.

As for the Pyeongchang track, he said, all of the bobsledders have already visited it and have studied it meticulously.

"I went to South Korea and took notes on the track," he said. He said he found that the track in South Korea has difficult, unique curves that require intense situational awareness.

"You have to be perfect all the way down," he said.

The second curve will be the hardest, he said. "It's where you can go from first place to last if you miss your mark."

Veteran Olympian

With a lot of newbies practicing to make Team USA, Cunningham is considered a veteran, since he's already competed in two Winter Olympics.

Cunningham started bobsledding in 2008 and was immediately selected as an alternate for the World Cup team. In 2010, he made his first Olympic team in Vancouver, Canada, as a brakeman for Army Capt. Mike Kohn before making the transition to a driver.

Today, Kohn, a soldier with the Virginia Army National Guard, is his coach.

In Vancouver, Cunningham placed 13th in the four-man bobsledding event and 12th in the two-man.

In 2014, Cunningham, now a driver, placed 12th in the four-man and 13th in the two-man races.

Along the way to the two Winter Olympics, he picked up a number of gold, silver and bronze medals in the various World Cups.

Cunningham said he joined the Army after hearing about the opportunity to participate in the World Class Athlete Program, shortly after his first Winter Olympics.

As an activated soldier, he said he still has to qualify with annual weapons and physical fitness training. His military occupation is a carpentry and masonry specialist.

The Army training, he said, was excellent, and he feels confident that with the knowledge and experience he acquired, he could build his own house if he wanted to.

Cunningham lives in Lake Placid, but he said his hometown is Monterey, California. His girlfriend lives there as well, he said.

"She's been very supportive of me,” Cunningham said.

His parents are also rooting for him, he added.