by David Bedard
JBER Public Affairs
12/14/2015 - JOINT BASE ELMENDORF-RICHARDSON, Alaska -- D-Day.
The English Channel. M4 Sherman tanks of Canada's 1st Hussars Tank
Regiment - enshrouded in inflatable flotation screens and motivated by
duplex-drive propellers - sputtered toward the Juno Beach shoreline,
fighting the pitching channel waters as much as they would soon grapple
with the Nazis.
Close enough to the shore to deflate their screens, 1st Hussars crews
hastily transformed their tanks in an effort to get their 75-mm guns in
action. Still track-deep in the water, the tanks blasted away at Nazi
bunkers, machine gun nests and anti-tank guns. Once they were satisfied
they had achieved fire superiority, the Canadian Shermans marauded up
and down the shoreline destroying any crew-served enemy emplacements
they could find.
Operating American-made tanks and fighting in the massive Allied
invasion of France, the Hussars' effort was one in a long line of
cooperation between the Canadian Armed Forces and the United States
Indicative of this longstanding partnership is the recent assignment of
Canadian Army Col. Martin Frank to U.S. Army Alaska as deputy
commander-operations, the second-highest ranking position in the
Previously, the second-in-command of USARAK was the deputy commander
stationed at Fort Wainwright. With Frank's assignment, the Fort
Wainwright position - currently held by Col. Shawn Reed - transitioned
to deputy commander-sustainment.
Responsible for operations, Frank said he felt his previous command of
the Canadian Manoeuver Training Center prepared him well for his new
"Because I was involved in the training of brigade-size units coming
through our training center, I think it made me a really good fit for
being the deputy commander-operations who is responsible for the
readiness and training of the USARAK force," Frank said. "It was a
really good fit."
Weeks after his arrival, Frank found himself knee deep in USARAK
operations. He issued division-level orders to 4th Brigade Combat Team
(Airborne), 25th Infantry
Division for exercise Spartan Fusion, and was exercise director for the
brigade's command post computer-aided force-on-force exercise.
"The one thing I really did highlight with everybody was I was the only new addition to the headquarters," Frank explained.
"I didn't arrive here at USARAK with an army of staff officers that could work on projects I thought were really important.
"So I was very conscious of the fact that all the great work that needs
to be done to enable training was being done before I got here," he
continued. "I was coming into a position no one had occupied before, so I
was able to define my own space and role within the headquarters."
Though responsible for operations, Frank said there is a distinct
delineation between what he does and what the G-3 operations officer
does. Likewise, there is a delineation between what Reed does and what
the G-4 logistics officer does.
"It is very clear to me that there is one commanding general, and [Maj.]
Gen. [Bryan] Owens is the commander," Frank elaborated. "But, with me
on the operations side and Colonel Reed on the sustainment side, we're
another tool in his toolbox to be able to address operations, training,
readiness and sustainment as well as logistics and infrastructure
Among the Yanks
Wearing the Canadian Disruptive Pattern Uniform - somewhat similar to
the green U.S. Marine Corps digital Marine Pattern uniform - Frank
stands out on Alaska's military installations. Despite wearing a colonel
rank comprising two ornate stars and a Saint Edward's crown, Frank said
U.S. Soldiers still know to salute him. Perhaps word has trickled to
the Soldiers to keep an eye out for the Canadian tank officer, or
perhaps they are simply following the age-old rule: when in doubt,
Belonging to an Army that traces many of its traditions back to the
British Army, Frank nonetheless said there is little to discern between
the Canadian and U.S. armies.
"I don't think there's a lot of difference quite honestly," the colonel
said. "I think we're both focused on the readiness of our troops and
making sure they're trained to the best of their capabilities. We take
the resources that are available, the constraints that are placed on us,
and we come up with the best possible solutions to make sure our
soldiers are ready to go where they're needed."
With the Canadian Army scheduled to send a Light-Armored Vehicle III
platoon to the upcoming USARAK exercise, Arctic Anvil, Frank said it is
critical U.S. and Canadian soldiers learn to work together through
"We worked shoulder to shoulder in Afghanistan," he said. "Canada no
longer has a role in Afghanistan, but we know for sure that we will be
going somewhere else again, and we will be working with our partners in
dangerous areas in combat.
"We need to maintain those relationships and build those relationships
during peacetime here, now, so we can hit the ground running when we go
Growing up Army
Frank's father was a soldier in the Royal Canadian Engineers. He and his
family trundled around from base to base in Canada, exposing the
younger Frank to a life of adventure, deployments and explosions.
"I saw a lot of what it was like to be in the Army," Frank said. "So I always felt a life in uniform was for me."
After attending college for a few years, Frank enlisted in the Canadian
Army and pursued the Army Officer Cadet Training Plan, ultimately
attending armor officer phase training and earning an Army commission.
His early career would see a variety of command assignments with Leopard
1 tank units and include two tours to Bosnia with the NATO-led
Eventually, he would rise to the prestigious command of the Royal
Canadian Dragoons, a reconnaissance regiment equipped with Coyote
Reconnaissance Vehicles - similar to the LAV and the U.S. Army's Stryker
Upon taking command of the regiment, regimental Colonel-in-Chief Prince
Charles sent a congratulatory letter to Frank, requesting occasional
correspondence in return detailing the status of the unit.
Frank twice deployed to Afghanistan, most recently as deputy commander
for the Canadian Operational Mentoring and Liaison Team in Kandahar in
2010, when he mentored the commander of 1st Brigade, 205th Corps, Afghan
"Having an opportunity to look at the Afghanistan situation from a different perspective was really unique," Frank said.
By the time Frank was able to unpack his Harley-Davidson Electra Glide
Ultra Classic touring bike, it was too late. An early September snowfall
at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson had closed the base to motorcycling.
Perhaps it was an ignominious introduction to Alaska, but the colonel took it in stride.
Frank said he looks forward to the opportunity to fish for salmon, hunt
big game, and rent an RV with his wife, Margo, heading north to explore
the vast state.
The Canadian officer recently attended the Cold Weather Orientation
Course at the Black Rapid Training Site with USARAK leadership.
He said he was impressed with U.S. Army equipment, specifically American
snowshoes and the seven-layered Generation III Extended Cold Weather
"I want to learn as much as I can about soldiering in Alaska, so I can
professionally improve as an officer, broadening my understanding of -
not just the way the U.S. Army conducts operations - but also [with the
U.S. Air Force] on the Elmendorf side."
Frank said his goals for his time as the deputy commander-operations are simple.
"I'm hoping I have a positive impact on the way USARAK Soldiers are
trained and the way USARAK Soldiers maintain readiness," he said. "I'm
hoping I will be able to assist General Owens in the execution of his
wide range of duties and responsibilities."
Though he answers to the general, Frank said he also serves small-unit leaders.
"I'm here to work for companies," the colonel said. "I'm here to work
for company commanders and company first sergeants to ensure they have
what they need to train their Soldiers."
Monday, December 14, 2015
By Jim Garamone DoD News, Defense Media Activity
WASHINGTON, December 14, 2015 — The spotlight shone on entertainment and sports celebrities last week as Marine Corps Gen. Joseph F. Dunford Jr., chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, hosted a USO tour to various overseas bases.
But the tour also provided an opportunity to shine the spotlight on the service members who do the day-to-day work for the U.S. military mission at Sigonella Naval Air Station, Italy; Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti; Bahrain Naval Support Activity; and Ramstein Air Base, Germany.
Naval Air Station Sigonella
Mount Etna overlooks this base on the eastern side of Sicily. Americans call the base “the Hub of the Med,” given its strategic location. The base was an important part of the Cold War infrastructure, with its P-3 Orion maritime surveillance aircraft keeping watch from the skies for Soviet submarines. Sigonella’s strategic importance declined after the fall of the Soviet Union, and many people in Italy and the United States believed the U.S. presence would dwindle.
And then came the Arab Spring, said Navy Capt. Christopher Dennis, the U.S. commander of the base.
“Sigonella is perfectly positioned for actions in North Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean,” he said. “It is central to so many crucial areas.”
Sigonella played a part in the NATO operation over Libya, and its anti-sub mission continues as the base will soon begin operating P-8 Poseidon aircraft. In addition, there is a growing intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance effort at the base with Global Hawk and Predators. The base also hosts a portion of the special purpose Marine air-ground task force that responds to crises in Africa.
There are now more than 4,000 sailors, airmen and Marines at the base, and they are busy, Dennis said.
When U.S. Army engineers first arrived at Camp Lemonnier in 2002, it had been out of use for years, and goats roamed the site. Originally a French base, the area had been stripped of anything useful. But geography is destiny, and Djibouti occupies key terrain on the Strait of Bab al Mandab at the mouth of the Red Sea. Camp Lemonnier is the only U.S. base on the African continent and comes under the command of U.S. Africa Command, while supporting elements operating in U.S. Central Command’s area of operations.
“We’re in Africa, but the Arabian Peninsula is right across the Bab al-Mandeb Strait, [and] we’re on a religious fault line between Christianity and the Islamic community,” said Army Maj. Gen. Mark Stammer, the commander of Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa.
While there is some spillover from the conflict in Yemen, the biggest terrorist threat comes over land from Somalia in the form of al-Shabab, the general said. “While al-Shabab’s strength and ability to project are waning, they still have intent and capability to harm us,” he said. “I don’t believe they have the ability to wage a long campaign, but they can definitely hurt people, as they have demonstrated in Somalia.”
About 4,000 U.S. service members are based at Camp Lemonnier at any one time. Most are involved with building partner nation capabilities and capacities. Other units provide intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities and special operations support.
Naval Support Activity Bahrain
The U.S. Navy has had a presence in Bahrain since World War II. The Persian Gulf kingdom is home to the headquarters of the U.S. 5h Fleet, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command and the Combined Maritime Forces multinational naval partnership. The base is a logistics and command and control hub for naval forces operating in the U.S. Central Command area of operations, Centcom officials said.
Vessels ranging from patrol craft and mine countermeasure craft to Nimitz-class aircraft carriers dock in Bahrain. The U.S. Coast Guard maintains a cutter in the area. It is a base dedicated to maintaining freedom of navigation in a sea through which flows a large percentage of the world’s oil.
And across the Persian Gulf lies Iran. The grey-hulled U.S. Navy ships share the sea lanes with dhows, supertankers, Iranian navy vessels and Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps vessels.
It would be extremely difficult for U.S. naval forces to operate in the Persian Gulf without a base like NSA Bahrain, officials said.
Ramstein Air Base
Located in Rheinland-Pfaltz, Ramstein lies at the center of a concentration of about 56,000 American service members, Defense Department civilians and their families. Anyone assigned to operations in U.S. European Command, U.S. Africa Command or U.S. Central Command is affected by what happens at the base, said Air Force Brig. Gen. Ty Thomas, the commander of the 86th Airlift Wing at the base.
At the height of the Cold War, with almost 400,000 Americans based in Europe, Ramstein was a fighter base housing F-4 Phantom II fighter aircraft. Remnants of the hardened hangars still dot the base. Now, Thomas says, the base is the hub for aircraft supporting European Command, Africa Command and throughput to Central Command. It is also the headquarters for U.S. Air Forces in Europe and U.S. Air Forces Africa. The base is also a communications center for the American military.
Nearby is the Army’s Landstuhl Regional Medical Center. As a base, Ramstein proved its worth during the Cold War. It is doing so again in the face of Russian actions in Crimea and Ukraine. At the height of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, the apron at the base was loaded with C-5 Galaxy and C-17 Globemaster III transport aircraft coming from and going to the battlefield.
“It’s an irreplaceable bit of infrastructure,” Thomas said.
Dunford led the 2015 USO Holiday Show, which included actor/director/producers Elizabeth Banks and David Wain, singer Chris Daughtry, singer/songwriters Kyle Jacobs, Brett James and Billy Montana; comedian Sydney Castillo and Red Sox baseball players Steve Wright and Heath Hembree.
By Jim Garamone DoD News, Defense Media Activity
WASHINGTON, December 14, 2015 — The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff discussed his short-term priority – defeating the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – and provided insight into his long-term goals during a talk at the Center for a New American Security here today.
Marine Corps Gen. Joseph F. Dunford Jr. spoke about the security environment and its implications on the force of the future and also spoke about joint force organization.
Current trends indicate any conflict in the future will be transregional, multidomain and multifunctional, the chairman said.
“When I look at information operations, cyber capabilities, space and counter-space capabilities, ballistic missile technology – they have all affected the character of the modern battlefield,” the general said. “And we see such capabilities fielded by both state and nonstate actors.”
The North Korean Challenge
An example of the changes these technologies have wrought is North Korea, Dunford said, noting that in the past, military planners believed any conflict would be confined to the Korean Peninsula. “But as North Korea developed ballistic missile technology, that obviously affected other regional actors, such as Japan,” he said.
Today, with ICBMs, cyber, information operations and more, “it’s pretty hard to see how even a conflict on the peninsula would be anything but transregional, multidomain and multifunctional,” the chairman said.
Current planning, organizational constructs and command and control set-ups “is not optimized for that fight,” he added.
U.S. military planning is done regionally and commanders rely on cooperation and collaboration, the chairman said. “It may surprise you to know this, but the lowest level of integration in the Department of Defense really is the secretary of defense,” he said. “That’s an issue that’s on the top of my inbox. That’s an issue that I am taking a look at hard.”
No Slowing Down
Underlying everything are the people of the U.S. military, the chairman said, noting that he returned from a trip last week in which he visited with service members in U.S. European Command, U.S. Africa Command and U.S. Central Command. “I saw a large number of soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines, and they are in great spirits. … The closer I got to the fight, the more spirited they were. They are focused and proud about what they are doing,” he said. “I don’t take that for granted. The one thing I am mindful of as I come into the job is that we have been running pretty hard for a long period of time.”
The challenges of the world mean they won’t get a rest soon, Dunford said.
“I told them I can’t see a time where that dynamic is going to change,” he explained. “If our requirements continue to be what I believe they will be, and the force structure stays about what it is today, … we are going to be running hard for some time to come.”
Measuring Joint Readiness
The general said he is looking at new ways to measure joint readiness, and that people should expect a new way of looking at the concept after the first of the year.
“It isn’t just the readiness of our individual units and the parts and pieces,” he said. “It’s making sure we have the right inventory, and also making sure on a day-to-day basis we are postured to respond in a timely manner.”
The fight against violent extremism is a transregional conflict, the chairman said. Still, he added, the Defense Department’s portion of the nine lines of effort are focused on destroying core ISIL in Syria and Iraq, and the U.S. military does this by striking ISIL leaders and fighters. “The second critical element is to develop and support effective partners on the ground to seize and secure ISIL-held terrain,” he said.
Dunford came to the venue straight from a meeting with President Barack Obama and the rest of the National Security Council at the Pentagon. “I want to make it clear that within the framework of international and domestic law, our policies and our end state, I don’t personally feel at all inhibited in terms of making recommendations to the president,” he said. “And we will continue to do that.”
Syria, he said, is the bigger challenge, because there is no partner on the ground. The Iraqi security forces and Kurdish peshmerga provide allies to take and control terrain inside Iraq. Dunford did say he understands how much more needs to be done, but that he is encouraged by operations against ISIL.
Concerns Over State Actors
However, the chairman said, the threat from extremists, while pressing, is not the only security challenge. The capabilities and behaviors of four state actors– Russia, China, Iran and North Korea – must inform U.S. contingency plans, he said.
“Despite its declining population and shrinking economy, Russia has made a significant investment in its military capabilities,” the chairman said. Russia has fielded new ICBMs, aircraft, new submarines, tanks and air defense systems. The nation is also expanding capabilities in space and cyberspace. As you look at Russian capability, you have to look at it in the context of what they have done in Crimea, Ukraine and Syria.”
Dunford then turned to China, saying the emphasis is to cooperate with the rising giant. “We also – and we get paid to do that – watch closely the developments in their military capabilities and their behavior in the South China Sea,” he said.
Iran and North Korea are exporters of instability who continue to look for new ways to threaten neighbors, the chairman said.
All of these challenges have implications for the future joint force, he said, and the first is foundational.
“We need a balanced inventory of joint capabilities that’s going to allow us to deter and defeat potential adversaries across the range of military operations,” he said. “We don’t have the luxury to have a choice between a force that can fight the current fight against violent extremism and one that can deal with the full range of challenges.”
The second implication is to define how to use the military instrument of power in the “gray zone” of cyberspace, he said.
“I believe we need to develop more effective methods to deal with challenges like Russia’s ‘little green men’ or Iranian malign influence,” he said. “Our traditional approach – where we view things either as at peace or at war – may not be the case for our adversaries.”
On cyber, Dunford called for more offensive cyber capabilities and cyber deterrence.
By Naval Surface Group Middle Pacific Public Affairs
PEARL HARBOR-HICKAM (NNS) -- Three People's Liberation Army-Navy [PLA(N)] ships are expected to visit Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam Dec. 13-17.
CNS Jinan (DDG 152), CNS Yiyan (FFG 548), and CNS Qiandaohu (AOE 886) are expected to arrive in the morning Dec. 13. This routine port visit will give Chinese sailors an opportunity to interact with their U.S. counterparts and demonstrate parity and reciprocity between two maritime nations.
Foreign Navy ships come to Pearl Harbor-Hickam regularly for scheduled port visits. In recent months Pearl Harbor-Hickam was visited by the PLA(N) ship Zheng He, by a ship from Bangladesh, and several times by Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force vessels.
As part of a planned series of military-to-military exchanges between the two nations, the ships will be hosted by USS Preble (DDG 88), USS Chosin (CG 65), and USS Chung-Hoon (DDG 93). Chinese and U.S. naval officers will conduct dialogues to build confidence and mutual understanding.
The Chinese ships will be met by Rear Adm. John Fuller, commander of Navy Region Hawaii, Capt. Stanley Keeve, commander of Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, and Capt. Kevin Brand, commanding officer of USS Chosin.
American and Chinese sailors plan to engage in deckplate level events including touring each other's ships and participating in sporting activities. Receptions aboard the PLA(N) vessels and USS Preble are also planned.
The last port visit by PLA(N) ships to Pearl Harbor-Hickam was in October 2015.
The U.S. Navy is committed to continued engagement to improve mutual understanding, build trust, enhance transparency, and reduce the risk of misperceptions and miscalculations.