Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Fort Greely Stands Firm in Face of North Korean Threat

By Sean Kimmons Army News Service

FORT GREELY, Alaska, Oct. 11, 2017 — A small, remote Alaskan post bordered by mountains and moose herds, Fort Greely is America's major line of defense against long-range enemy rockets.

Inside its heavily guarded missile defense complex, rows of ground-based interceptor missiles tucked away in underground silos and radars dot the landscape. Within minutes, the missiles can blast off into space to collide with and destroy warheads speeding toward U.S. soil.

Using data from sea-, land- and space-based sensors, soldiers of the 49th Missile Defense Battalion can spot a rocket launch from anywhere in the world. If an attack occurs, the 100th Missile Defense Brigade in Colorado Springs, Colorado, would then relay permission for the battalion to fire.

A number of recent rocket launches have originated from North Korea, which has threatened it could strike the U.S. with an intercontinental ballistic missile -- a powerful rocket capable of hitting a target with a nuclear weapon. Despite the new threats, Army Lt. Col. Orlando Ortega, the battalion commander, said his well-trained Alaskan National Guard unit operates in a constant state of readiness.

"We've always been ready," he said. "Nothing really has changed from what we did a year ago. We were ready then and we're ready now."

Still, North Korea has kept the soldiers busy.


The battalion has missile defense crew members who work 12-hour shifts around the clock so they can immediately react if a foreign country launches a rocket.

A five-person crew will staff a fire control node at all times. There, soldiers have several computers, monitors and communication equipment to stay informed or relay any new developments. It's also where soldiers can launch an interceptor missile to defeat an enemy rocket, if approved to do so.

By the end of the year, the U.S. military is expected to add eight more interceptors to its arsenal for a total of 44. The vast majority -- 40 -- will be based at Fort Greely and the rest at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

At Greely, crews train constantly in case they have to fire one or more of the missiles. Such training can include practicing real-life scenarios or learning complex software systems. Those skills are then tested by internal and external evaluations.

"We will do everything we can to get to the top of our game and maintain that level of proficiency at all times," said Army Maj. Bernard Smith, director of the Alpha crew.

Team building is also paramount for soldiers because of the consequences of failing to work as a crew. While confined together in a one-room node, the bond among crew members can grow strong.

With a diverse team of skilled soldiers from Alaska to Puerto Rico, Smith said, his crew is supportive and will often teach each other new things during shifts.

"I'm not very stressed when I come into work because I trust my crew -- we are a family," Smith, 50, said. "If there are any issues or problems, they know we can come together as a crew, as a family, and accomplish anything."

Arctic Living

One of the major's crew members, Army Capt. Gilberto Ortiz, described the battalion -- made up of soldiers on Active Guard Reserve status -- as a brotherhood.

About eight years ago, Ortiz left the warm climate of Puerto Rico for the arctic cold to protect the complex from intruders as a military police officer. When he heard of the missile defense crews, he decided to switch careers.

"It was something new [to me], something I didn't know about," said Ortiz, 32, who is now the crew's battle analyst. "I was like, 'OK, I'll do it. I'm up for the challenge.'"

Before coming on board, his first challenge when he arrived at Fort Greely was battling the weather, which can drop down to 60 below in the winter. He learned how to wear layers, he said, and eventually acclimatized to the cold. He even earned the "Arctic" uniform tab after he graduated from the nearby Northern Warfare Training Center, which tests the cold-weather skills of soldiers.

"The longer you stay here, the more you feel you are at home," said Ortiz, who lives with his wife and two children at Fort Greely. "[My] true home is thousands of miles away, but for me this is my second home."

When she landed her assignment in Alaska, Sgt. Bethany Hendren was eager to leave Missouri and head up north.

"I fell in love with Alaska before I got here, because I love to travel and go to new places," Hendren, 29, said.

Similar to Ortiz, the sergeant was originally an MP and chose to change career fields while at Fort Greely. She now works as the crew's communications operator, where she monitors and reports all radio traffic on the ground-based fire control system. While off-duty, she has another mission to help serve fellow soldiers as the local president of the Better Opportunities for Single Soldiers program.

Being isolated in Alaska -- which only has a few hours of sunlight during the winter -- can sometimes impact a person's well-being. So, Herndon reaches out to soldiers and invites them to events, where they can be more active and social.

"It is an austere environment, and the winter months can be quite demanding at times," she said, "but I offer different programs and events for soldiers to be involved in and to get out there and see Alaska."

Self-Sustaining Base

Fort Greely's infrastructure was made to be resilient, too. The post is self-sustaining with its own water supply and power plant, so operations won't be affected if electricity is cut to surrounding areas.

Security measures and sophisticated sensors can pick up any movement around the complex. Even when a moose or another animal triggers a sensor, MPs will always check it out.

"We take anything that comes in as a possible intrusion," Ortega said, "and we will have eyes on it physically and with cameras to ensure that it is not someone trying to come on."

All of these precautions go into being able to complete an incredibly difficult mission, where even the slightest miscalculation can result in failure.

Once an interceptor is launched, it releases a kill vehicle that travels roughly 15,000 mph in space and is maneuvered to collide with an enemy warhead.

"It is extremely hard to hit a bullet with a bullet," Ortega said.

The Missile Defense Agency tests interceptors out of Vandenberg. While there have been past successful hits on targets in space, several interceptors can be fired at the same time, if necessary, to ensure an enemy warhead is shot down.

'We're the Shield'

"We have confidence in the missiles and the capability," Ortega said, "but we will ensure with 100-percent confidence that it is destroyed." That's a promise the entire battalion must keep, since over 320 million Americans depend on it.

As the lowest-ranking member of her crew, Herndon -- just like the other soldiers -- has embraced the huge responsibility of defeating a warhead if the time comes.

"We don't want Los Angeles or Seattle or any other part of our country to be attacked. It's as simple as that," she said.

"Of course we have our offense ready to go as well, but we're the only defense out there that can actually stop and prevent it from coming into our country," she added. "We're the shield."

Face of Defense: Marine Martial Arts Instructor Instills Corps’ Ethos

By Marine Corps Lance Cpl. Tayler P. Schwamb, Marine Corps Installations Pacific

CHATAN, Okinawa, Japan, Oct. 11, 2017 — “I’m never going to hold anything back. If they want to learn something they are going to earn it. I want to get them to where I am at. I don’t mind if they surpass me. I want them to surpass me. I want them to be the best,” said Marine

Scott is a Harrison Township, Michigan, native, whose unselfishness makes him one of the most sought-out martial arts instructors on Okinawa. Marines who take his class emerge as stronger, better fighters with sharpened minds. Scott teaches two to three separate Marine Corps Martial Arts Program classes each month.

Scott said he intends to continue to selflessly dedicate his time to teaching the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program, making elite warfighters and better-rounded Marines and citizens.

‘This Is What I Want to Do’

“I can’t just stop. They appreciate what I do,” Scott said. “This is a lifestyle. This is what I live, breathe, sleep and eat. This is what I do.”

The Corps’ martial arts program combines hand-to-hand and close-quarter techniques with lessons on warrior ethos, leadership and teamwork. Program instructors must pass a grueling 15-day course to earn the instructor’s tab on their belt and the right to train other Marines.

Scott’s compact body is usually littered with bruises from the unforgiving blows of his students. He makes a point to teach all Marines how to conduct themselves under duress and how to grapple while also stressing the importance of teamwork and mental fortitude.

Scott said he played soccer for 12 years, but mixed martial arts fighting was a different ball game. After consistent pestering, his mother signed him up at the gym on his 14th birthday. Scott fought every single day from then until he joined the Marine Corps.

‘You Have to Fight to Get Better’

 “I would come home with black eyes, busted lips, bruised everything,” Scott said. “I had days I didn’t want to go because it hurt, but I never wanted to quit. I got my butt kicked all of the time. There wasn’t a day where I didn’t lose but that’s what happens when you are fighting. You have to get beat up. You have to fight to get better.”Yet, despite his previous fighting experience, Scott’s path to becoming a Marine Corps martial arts instructor was not always smooth.

“When I came into the Marine Corps I didn’t know what motivation really was and because of that I didn’t like [Sgt. Kendrick W. Powdrill] at all,” Scott said. “He was a sergeant of Marines to the fullest extent. He got his [instructor’s] tab just so he could take care of his Marines at the chow hall, helping us belt up when it wasn’t really an option before. He could do anything and everything. He taught me life lessons, man-to-man stuff. He always had my back and I always had his. Good, bad, right or wrong. I do the same for my Marines. I will help anyone that comes to my MCMAP class, even though some people don’t like asking for help.”

At the time, Powdrill was the chief cook at the Camp Foster Chow Hall and Scott’s mentor. Scott said he took Powdrill’s life lessons to heart, consistently sacrificing his own time and energy to help shift workers, people on other bases with lack of transportation and Marines with hectic schedules.

Scott is known for his flexibility and understanding. He ensures that each Marine is well-versed in martial arts techniques and grappling.

Marines like Cpl. Sara Lopez, an administrative specialist with Scott’s Headquarters and Support Battalion, have sought-out Scott’s mentorship. Lopez came looking for Scott to help her earn a black belt.

Lopez said she was caught off guard by Scott’s strict teaching style. His dedication to see her succeed, she said, helped her pass the strenuous course.

“He is going to put you first. It doesn’t matter who you are or your rank or what you’ve done in the past,” Lopez said of Scott. “He doesn’t care about any of that. He is that one person who genuinely cares about you and will guide you to get out of whatever rut you are in. His course was that for me; it got me out of my rut. Even if he has 50 Marines at a time, he will grow a relationship with every single one.”

Marine Corps Pride, Service to Others

Scott emphasizes to students to make the most out of their service in the Marine Corps. His students take it to heart, and many begin volunteering with the local and military community more often.
“Once they put that pride into how they look into their uniform, it transfers into everything that they do,” Scott said. “They earn their belt and they have that sense of accomplishment that they haven’t had since they earned their eagle, globe and anchor at boot camp. It puts that tingle in their body and they can’t stop. They won’t stop. Every single time someone earns their belt I get that tingle in my own body. I love seeing the progression of what they were to what they are now.”