Wednesday, January 20, 2021

In Formation


Service members with the Joint Armed Forces Honor Guard position themselves during rehearsal for the 59th Presidential Inauguration in Washington, D.C., Jan. 18, 2021.

Trumpet Practice


The U.S. Army Herald Trumpets practice on the east side of the Capitol Building during the rehearsal for the 59th Presidential Inauguration in Washington, D.C., Jan 18, 2021. Since its founding in 1959, the U.S. Army Herald Trumpets has become a vital part of numerous historic events.

DOD Succession Plan Remains in Effect Until Senate Confirms Biden Nominees

 Jan. 20, 2021 | BY Jim Garamone , DOD News

Deputy Defense Secretary David L. Norquist has been sworn in as the acting defense secretary and will serve in the position until the Senate confirms the Biden administration's nominee for the position.

The change in administrations will have a cascading effect within the Defense Department. At noon today, the resignations of Trump administration political appointees became effective.

A man walks down a hall carrying a cup as others follow.

Yet, the missions of the department must continue, and officials made plans to place interim leaders in these crucial jobs. "The incoming Biden administration has reviewed these plans and reached out to officials across the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the military department to confirm the succession plan the new administration intends to implement for all presidentially-appointed, Senate-confirmed positions," Norquist wrote in a memo to senior defense leaders.

These employees will serve in an acting capacity or in a "performing the duties of" capacity until new political appointees arrive.

Usually, the defense secretary is confirmed when a new president takes office. This year, President Biden's nominee for defense secretary, Lloyd J. Austin III, did not get a confirmation hearing until January 19th – too late for the full Senate to confirm him. Austin's case is further complicated by the fact that as a retired general he needs a waiver from both houses of Congress to serve in the position.

A man stands at a podium in front of a microphone with a large flag on a stand to his right; an oval sign on the wall behind him bears an image of a five-sided building and the words "The Pentagon".

More than 50 positions will be filled on an interim basis. In addition to Norquist, they include John E. Whitley as Army secretary, Thomas W. Harker as Navy secretary, and John P. Roth as Air Force secretary.

In addition, Amanda J. Dory will perform the duties of undersecretary of defense for policy; Terence G. Emmert will perform the duties of undersecretary for research and engineering; Douglas Glenn will perform the duties of DOD comptroller/chief financial officer; and Virginia S. Penrod will perform the duties of undersecretary of personnel and readiness. 

The duties of the undersecretary for intelligence and security will be performed by David M. Taylor, and Paul S. Koffsky will perform the duties of DOD general counsel.

Some of those who are "performing the duties of" will also hold other positions. For example, Dory will also perform the duties of assistant secretary for strategy, plans and capabilities.

Once a Biden political appointee is approved by the Senate, those serving in these positions will revert to their normal jobs.

Rehearsal March


Ceremonial marchers participate in a rehearsal for the 59th Presidential Inauguration in Washington, D.C., Jan. 18, 2021.

Acting Secretary of Defense David L. Norquist Statement on Inauguration Day

 Jan. 20, 2021

Today our nation swore in Joseph R. Biden Jr. as the 46th President of the United States and Commander in Chief of our military force, as well as Kamala D. Harris as the 49th Vice President of the United States.

The peaceful transition of power is a hallmark of our nation and our democracy. I send my sincere appreciation and gratitude to the roughly 28,000 National Guard and active duty military members who are assisting local law enforcement in maintaining our nation’s legacy and preserving our future.

More broadly, the Department of Defense remains ready to provide forces that deter war and protect the security of our nation. We look forward to seamlessly onboarding the incoming Administration so America may maintain its strategic advantage and vast partnerships.

Germany Jump


Army paratroopers conduct airborne operations during an emergency deployment readiness exercise at Grafenwoehr Training Area, Germany, Jan. 20, 2021.

New Officials Sworn-in at the Department of Defense

 Jan. 20, 2021

The following individuals were sworn-in virtually or in-person today at the Pentagon: 

•    Adil Ahmed, Attorney Advisor, Office of the General Counsel, Department of the Army 
•    Terry Adirim, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs
•    Scott Arceneaux, Special Assistant for White House Liaison Office
•    Patricia Barron, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Military Community and Family Policy, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness
•    Susanna Blume, performing the duties of Director, Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
•    Tanya Bradsher, Senior Director for Partnerships and Global Engagement 
•    Melissa Dalton, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy, Plans and Capabilities
•    Morgan Dwyer, Senior Advisor to the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering
•    Beth Foster, Senior Advisor, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness  
•    Beth George, Principal Deputy General Counsel
•    Ozge Guzelsu, Deputy General Counsel (Legislation) 
•    Storm Horncastle, Residential Manager and Social Secretary of the Vice President
•    Brian Katz, Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense (Intelligence & Security) 
•    Jongsun Kim, Deputy Comptroller for Budget and Appropriations Affairs, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense  (Comptroller)
•    John Kirby, Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs
•    Kelly Magsamen, Chief of Staff to the Secretary of Defense
•    Christopher Maier, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations / Low Intensity Conflict 
•    Farouk Ophaso, Senior Advisor, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)
•    Ely Ratner, Special Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (China)
•    Eric Ridge, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy and Force Development
•    Max Rose, Special Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Senior Advisor, COVID-19)
•    Tommy Ross, Chief of Staff to the Secretary of the Navy, Department of the Navy
•    Leonor Tomero, Deputy Assistant Director for Nuclear and Missile Defense Programs 
•    Veronica Valdez, Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Indo-Pacific Security Affairs
•    Matthew Williams, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Senate Affairs

Imagery Link:

Sergeant of the Guard


Army Sgt. 1st Class Chelsea Porterfield, sergeant of the guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, renders honors during a wreath-laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery, Va., Jan. 20, 2021. President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris placed the wreath after Biden was sworn in as the 46th president during a ceremony at the Capitol earlier in the day.

Leafy Landing


A Marine Corps MV-22 Osprey prepares to land during a drill at Camp Lejeune, N.C., Jan. 14, 2021.

Rehearsal Ceremony


The U.S. Army Band Herald Trumpets rehearse for the presidential inauguration ceremony in Washington, D.C., Jan. 18, 2021.

Rehearsal March


A member of the U.S. Army Old Guard Fife and Drum Corps participates in a rehearsal for the 59th presidential inauguration in Washington, Jan. 18, 2021.

Night Watch


Air Force Senior Airman Alexis Williams guards a C-17 Globemaster III during a training exercise at Pittsburgh International Airport Air Reserve Station, Jan. 19, 2021.

DOD Announces New Acting Secretary of Defense, Service Secretaries

 Jan. 20, 2021

At 12:01 p.m., Jan. 20, David L. Norquist assumed the duties of Acting Secretary of Defense. In his capacity as acting secretary, Norquist will maintain continuity and readiness of the Department until a defense secretary is confirmed. Norquist has served as the Deputy Secretary of Defense since July 2019.

The acting secretary of the Army is John Whitley. The acting secretary of the Navy is Tom Harker. The acting secretary of the Air Force is John Roth.

Tuesday, January 19, 2021

DOD Announces New Members of the Defense Policy Board

 Jan. 19, 2021

The Department of Defense welcomes three new members of the Defense Policy Board who completed all onboarding requirements and were sworn in today – Retired Army Brigadier General Anthony Tata, Mr. Scott O’Grady and Ambassador Charles Glazer.

About the Defense Policy Board
The Defense Policy Board was established to provide the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Defense independent advice and recommendations on matters concerning defense policy through the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (USD(P)).

Senior DOD Officials Brief Reporters on Inauguration Activities

 Jan. 19, 2021

Jonathan Rath Hoffman, Assistant To The Secretary Of Defense For Public Affairs; Thomas Muir, Washington Headquarters Service; General Daniel R. Hokanson Chief, National Guard Bureau

ASSISTANT TO THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE JONATHAN RATH HOFFMAN:  All right, good afternoon, everybody.  Thank you all for -- for being here today so that we can provide you with some additional information regarding events taking place tomorrow.

With me today are Tom Muir, the director of Washington Headquarters Services, and also the -- the lead for the Department of Defense transition team.  And then General Dan Hokanson, the chief of the National Guard Bureau.

I want to thank them both for being here today on what I imagine is likely one of the busiest -- if not the busiest -- days of their careers, as they both prepare for events tomorrow. 

In just a moment, Mr. Muir will provide an update on transition planning activities to include activities taking place tomorrow on -- and including the continuity of command here at the Pentagon.

Following that, General Hokanson will provide an update on security efforts in the National Capital Region ahead of tomorrow's inauguration as well as efforts with the National Guard around the country and in the following days.

I have no other announcements, so we'll just go ahead, Tom?


Thank you, Jonathan.

As Jonathan mentioned, I'm Tom Muir, director of Washington Headquarters Services.  And for the purpose of this discussion, the agency transition director for the Presidential Transition Act support from the Department of Defense.

I can tell you that we are prepared to receive the agency new administration appointees beginning tomorrow at noon.  We believe we're going to onboard a significant number of their political appointees the very first day, on day one, and get them straight to work in their new offices.

That includes -- we did virtual onboarding, obviously, due to COVID.  We are processing their identity cards, their background investigations, their security clearances all virtually. 

They'll receive their common access credential tomorrow afternoon.  When they arrive at the Pentagon, they'll be met, concierged into the parking space, brought into our  Pentagon Library and Conference Center, onboarded, their final documents, issue their common access credential, their I.T. access, their e-mail addresses on both unclassified and classified systems, and shown to their new offices.

They'll meet their teams, they'll be present in the offices -- particularly the front offices supporting.  A number of these officials who are coming in are non-career senior executives, not Senate-confirmed but political appointees, and what we call Schedule Cs, or special advisers, or senior advisers to several of our DOD leaders.

I can announce, on behalf of the Biden administration -- we checked with them -- that the acting secretary of Defense, as of noon tomorrow, will be David Norquist, our current deputy secretary of Defense.  The acting secretary of the Army will be John Whitley, once again at noon on -- tomorrow, on the 20th.  Acting secretary of the Navy, Tom Harker, and the acting secretary of the Air Force, John Roth.

We also are working on and will publish soon an acting and a performing the duties of transition plan that has career senior executives filling in for incoming political appointees until such time as they either are confirmed and complete the nomination and confirmation process, or until they arrive in the Pentagon and onboard for those non-Senate-confirmed positions.

So we have a career senior executive acting or performing the duties of in all of our positions minus the four that I just mentioned:  the secretary of Defense, secretary of the Army, secretary of the Navy, and the secretary of the Air Force.

Reference to transition, we are wrapping up our support to the Agency Review Teams.  In support of that effort, we completed 231 interviews with 656 officials, and they've officially canceled kind of the remainder of the interviews because we're going to discuss that during our onboarding processes and when they meet their new teams.

The same for requests for information.  We completed over 90 percent of the requests for information, and those which we have not yet completed, they'll roll over, once again, to the new discussions with the new administration members when they join the team tomorrow.

As you can tell, we are still practicing COVID mitigation efforts.  The Biden-Harris team, of course, will lead those efforts here in the Pentagon, effective noon tomorrow.  I can tell you that all the senior leadership is properly in place to execute both the National Defense Strategy and meet the DOD global commitments as we welcome the new Biden administration team to the Pentagon tomorrow afternoon.

That completes my opening remarks.



CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU GENERAL DANIEL HOKANSON:  Good afternoon.  I'm General Dan Hokanson.  I want to thank you for the opportunity to highlight your National Guard soldiers and airmen.

As I speak, more than 25,000 National Guard men and women from all 50 states, three territories, and the District of Columbia are here in support of the lead federal agency for the presidential inauguration.

I visit with these men and women every night, and they understand the importance of this mission.  They're also proven, prepared and proud to do their part to ensure a peaceful and safe inauguration for our 46th commander in chief.

They are providing security, communications, logistics, and coordination support to local and federal law enforcement, and have met every request promptly and professionally.

Looking across the entire National Guard, we have over 91,000 on duty today, to include 22,000 supporting COVID-19, 16,000 deployed overseas, and over 6,000 protecting key infrastructure and capitol buildings in 30 of our states.  Although 91 is a lot -- 91,000, it's less than 20 percent of your National Guard, so we have additional capability if and when needed.

Upon completion of the inauguration, we will continue to support federal law enforcement as requested, and our service members will return home as soon as conditions permit. 

With respect to comments about extremism, let me be clear:  Extremism is not tolerated in any branch of the United States military.  If there are reported issues, our leaders will address them immediately in accordance with established department policies, and in coordination with law enforcement.

With respect to the arming of the National Guard, the authority rests with the secretary of the Army and is based on their mission, close coordination with the support of law enforcement agency, and the chain of command, which is commanded by Major General William Walker of the D.C. National Guard.

Our ability to move 25,000 soldiers and airmen to D.C. from every state and territory in less than two weeks would not have been possible without the support of our governors and their adjutants general.  It speaks volumes about America's investment in the National Guard, and, most importantly, the support of our service members and what they get from their family and their employers.

Also, the outpouring of support to our National Guard across the entire country and here in the District is a story in itself and I wanted to particularly thank the citizens of the District of Columbia.  With that, I look forward to your questions.

MR. HOFFMAN:  All right, we'll -- if you have questions, just please identify who you'd like to have answer them.  It's going to be a -- a -- kind of a COVID-safe dance over here to -- with -- just to get one more podium.

So we'll go first to -- to Lita, AP.

QUESTION:  Hi, Jonathan, thanks -- thanks a lot.  This question is for General Hokanson, but Jonathan, if you want to weigh in at all, that'd be great.  General, I know you mentioned extremism.  What can you tell us about the approximately a dozen or possibly more National Guard members who have been pulled off duty because of either posts on social media or other issues?  How big of an effect do you think this is?  Do you think there are more?  And frankly, any details on this that you can provide I think would -- would be -- would be good since obviously the general public is listening and watching this event with -- with great concern.  Thank you.

GEN HOKANSON:  Lita, thank you for that question.  And so we work very closely with law enforcement and if there's any identification or anything whatsoever that -- that needs to be looked into, out of an abundance of caution we automatically pull those personnel off the line and make sure that they're not part of the mission set, and in certain cases we make sure that we get them sent home.

But we're in very close coordination also within our organization.  We're kind of a family in the National Guard, we grow up together, we work together, and we keep an eye on each other, and if there's any indications, we immediately address it, through the chain of command or law enforcement, the appropriate level of agency, but I'm not concerned as a large part of our organization -- if you look at 25,000, we've had 12 identified and some of those, they're just looking into.  It may be unrelated to this, but we want to make sure, out of an abundance of caution, as I stated earlier, that we do the right thing until that gets cleared up.

MR. HOFFMAN:  And so Lita, I -- I don't want to get into the actual vetting and -- and what partner organizations have found but much of the information is -- is -- as the General mentioned, is unrelated to the events taking place at the Capitol or to the concerns that many people have noted on -- on extremism.

These are vetting efforts that identify any questionable behavior in the past or any potential link to questionable behavior, not just related to extremism.  But as General Hokanson mentioned, we're -- we're not -- we're not asking questions right now, we're not asking questions of people who are flagged, we are, out of an abundance of caution, taking action and immediately removing them from -- from the line of duty at the Capitol and the events taking place and then we will address them, whether it's through law enforcement, if necessary, or through their own chain of command.

But the point here is that we have the vetting processes that are in place, we also have, as General Hokanson mentioned, internal to the ranks, as well -- people have made it clear that if you see something, you should -- you should raise it.  We are taking steps to -- to ensure that there's no -- no concerns.  The American people should have confidence in the National Guard, they should have confidence in the law enforcement teams that are planning for this inauguration and ensuring that Vice President-elect – or President-elect – Biden has a safe and secure inauguration tomorrow. 

OK?  Jennifer?

QUESTION:  Just to -- to follow up on Lita's question, General Hokanson, you are confirming that there are 12 people who have been removed from National Guard duty.  There are reports that two of those were linked to so-called right wing militias.  Can -- are you confirming that as well right now?

GEN HOKANSON:  All I would say with -- with those two individuals is inappropriate comments or texts that were put out there.  And as we stated, just out of an abundance of caution, we want to make sure that -- that there's no issues at all and that those properly get looked into.

QUESTION:  And just in terms of generically, in the -- in the future, will this be sort of a standard kind of -- I mean, in the past, were you allowed to look at people's social media pages and things that they were texting or is this new to this inauguration or is this an ongoing thing that the National Guard has been doing?

GEN HOKANSON:  So I'd have to defer to the FBI cause they do the -- the -- the vetting once our personnel are here but as I mentioned before, you know, we're a -- we're a close knit organization and we keep an eye on each other and if anything doesn't seem right, as Jonathan mentioned, if we see something, we're going to go ahead and report it.

QUESTION:  Did those individuals come to Washington and were sent home, or they were not allowed to come to Washington?

GEN HOKANSON:  In those cases, they were both here in Washington or -- and are being sent home.


MR. HOFFMAN:  All right, we're going to move on.  Helene Cooper, New York Times?

QUESTION:  Hi.  I'm still -- I'd like to go back to the -- continue on with those 12.  Are you saying 12 were removed because you had concerns of ties to extremist organizations?

MR. HOFFMAN:  No, that is -- that is not it.  I think as General Hokanson mentioned, we have two individuals that identified -- had made inappropriate comments or texts.  Those two individuals were removed; I'll note, one of those was flagged by -- by -- within the command -- and then we have another group of individuals that have been flagged in the vetting process for a number of different reasons -- like I said, unrelated to the events here and -- and the concerns that most people have posited.  It's -- it's a -- it's a lot of looking back at anything that could potentially flag in a criminal history check, anything that could come up in a civilian database that's being scrubbed by our partners.

We're just not -- like I said, we're -- we're not taking any chances.  Anything -- flags -- if there's any -- any reason that somebody's name is brought to the attention of the command, they're being removed from the line; we'll ask questions later and we will -- and -- and can -- ascertain whether any action needs to be taken by either law enforcement or by their chain of command.

But no, we're -- we are not saying that all 12 are -- have been pulled for -- for ties, I think as you characterized it, to extremists or militias.  That is not correct, OK?  All right, keep ...


QUESTION:  ... second question.  Of the 25,000 National Guard troops coming, how many of those are military police, please, for General Hokanson?

GEN HOKANSON:  I apologize, I don't have the exact number of military police but we use an assortment of military police and security forces, and that's a balance between state requirements and what they're able to send here, but we can follow up with the exact number at a later time.

MR. HOFFMAN:  OK, we'll keep going.  Dan Lamothe, Washington Post?

QUESTION:  Yes, thanks for your time today -- today.  I wanted to clarify what the threshold is for someone to be flagged here.  For instance, if someone had a QAnon bumper sticker or t-shirt or something like that showing some amount of sympathy or interest, is that enough or does it take something more serious?  Thank you.

MR. HOFFMAN:  So I -- I don't want to speak for the -- the vetting that's underway, but if our law enforcement partners flag an individual, based on their determination that they see something and they pass it to us, we're not even asking what the flag was, we're just removing them.  So I can't speak for that.

Within the ranks, I think that it's what we've seen as -- as inappropriate comments and text had been it.  I don't think that we have a -- a handbook on -- on what are thresholds for -- for inappropriateness at this point.  We are just taking action against -- action to remove individuals if there is some indication that would indicate that they should not be here at this time.

OK, Phil Stewart, Reuters.

QUESTION:  Yeah, hi.  So I just -- not to beat on a -- a dead horse here, but the -- the 12 people that were removed were removed after vetting, but the -- but the vetting was not necessarily for extremist groups, as I think I -- I had thought; that they were -- the vetting was for -- for ties to extremism.  So I guess that -- so if that's true, then what is the -- is the vetting more broad than that?  Are you looking into whether these people have, like, you know, big debts and, you know, other things that could allow and be compromised by a -- by a foreign adversary?  I -- I'm a little confused about -- I thought this vetting was for extremism.

And then -- and then secondly, the two people that are removed from the Capitol, they're not part of the 12.  So it'd be 12 plus two, correct?

GEN HOKANSON:  No, that's not true.  So there's -- there's 10 that were identified by the FBI, and I -- and I can't speak to the level of vetting that they do, but I know it's -- they said it's a standard they do for all inaugurations for participants.

With the other two, they're separate from those 10, for a total of 12.  One was identified by the chain of command, and another was identified through anonymous reporting.

MR. HOFFMAN:  And -- and Phil, to the first part, our understanding is that the -- the review and the vetting is broader.  As you indicated, we're -- we're not just looking for ties to -- to one particular threat stream; we're looking for any indication that an individual should not be included in the inaugural events.

MR. HOFFMAN:  All right, David Martin, CBS.

QUESTION:  I have no question.

MR. HOFFMAN:  OK.  Sylvie, AFP.

QUESTION:  Yes, hello.  I would like to go back to the reason why there were flagged -- the two were flagged.  You mentioned inappropriate comments or texts.  Were these comments of a political nature?

MR. HOFFMAN:  We're -- we're not going to get into what the -- the comments and texts were, other than to say that they were inappropriate, and they -- they've -- they rose to the level that, in one case, the chain of command flagged them and made a determination to remove them, and in the other case, that there was a, as General Hokanson mentioned,  a -- a -- a comment posted -- or sorry, a -- a comment provided over a tip line that when their chain of command was made aware of it, they decided to remove him.  But we're not going to get into the specifics of what the comments were right now.  There'll be time for that.


QUESTION:  Given that the -- the issues that were pulled or the issues that were flagged are not related to two weeks ago, a week and a half ago, are you concerned that your own background screening didn't pick this up?

MR. HOFFMAN:  For -- for which individuals?  For the -- the broader...

QUESTION:  Any of the 12.

MR. HOFFMAN:  Well, I -- so I -- I don't want to get into the -- the exact vetting that's undertaken.  My understanding from -- from what has been explained to me by law enforcement partners is that some of the information that -- that would flag an individual is not necessarily information that would, if pursued, would lead someone to understand that a person's committed a crime or as someone who is -- is compromised.  But it is just, it's a piece of information, and at this point in time, we don't have the -- the -- the timeframe in which to run down every single piece of information and determine whether that -- that individual may not -- should not be a part of the military or not, but it's enough information right now that just that flag alone, we've determined that that is enough to remove them from the Capitol.

QUESTION:  And do you, at this point, know how many of the FBI has gone through of the 12?

MR. MUIR:  No, I don't have that information for you.  Sorry. 

Luis ?

QUESTION:  Two questions for you, General, and to Jonathan.  What happens to these individuals when they go back?  I mean, you've caught them.  Is -- is this something that triggers disciplinary action or something else like that?  That's first.  And then secondly, can you talk about the -- the follow-through mission?  Tomorrow is the inauguration.  You're going to have all of these personnel in town.  How long do -- do you intend to keep them for?  Is there a plan that this is an extended mission?  And -- go ahead.

GEN. HOKANSON:  So thank you, Luis.  So with respect to the first question, so obviously, once that's -- those folks are identified, we'll make sure that we follow through with either law enforcement or the chain of command, which is ever the appropriate venue, until we get exact resolution on each and every one of those individuals.

With respect to the mission after the inauguration, and so we brought on 6,200 for 30 days.  On June -- January 7th, and so they'll go into February.  And that number can go up or down, depending on the lead federal agency requirements or federal law enforcement requests.  But really, after the inauguration, we'll look at the conditions and the environment and the mission set that we're asked to perform, and if that is below the number of personnel that we have, then we'll start identifying those folks to get them home as -- as quickly as possible.

QUESTION:  And so the drawdown could occur rather quickly then?

GEN. HOKANSON:  Absolutely, and that'll be conditions-based, but yeah, it could be quick or it could be over time.

MR. HOFFMAN:  And as the general mentions, we're -- we're in support of federal law enforcement right now.  NSSE is -- Secret Service has the lead past the inauguration.  That may continue for a period of time, but then other federal law enforcement will have that lead and -- and we will still be supporting them.

I'll just remind everyone on the phone that we have another very capable, talented senior executive here, Tom Muir, who's available to answer questions and -- on the inauguration that you've been hammering us to answer over the last few days.  So he -- he's here, if you have anything.

Tom Vanden Brook, USA Today?

QUESTION:  Sorry, Jonathan, nothing here.

MR. HOFFMAN:  Dan De Luce, NBC?

QUESTION:  Yeah, thanks.  You just -- this is such a large force here for the inauguration.  How confident are you that -- that you and the federal government and the FBI have been able to properly screen and vet all of these troops?  Do you think this is obviously not a -- a typical situation?

GEN. HOKANSON:  Well, in this case, we're working very closely with the FBI, and I know that we've been providing all the information they need as our -- our troops show up into the national Capitol region, and I've been assured that they'll get all the vetting complete.

MR. HOFFMAN:  Yeah.  I mean, the -- the Secret Service handles large events on regular basis in which they are -- are able to -- to screen and -- and vet attendees.  The FBI handles events, as well.  We have continuous vetting and screening going on within the department.  This is obviously an unusual situation in which it is all hands on deck, and we're leaving no stone unturned.  But we here are confident that there will be no opportunity to identify any potential threat left done. 

And so we're going to do all we can.  We're going to partner with the Secret Service and the FBI and others to ensure that we are all doing everything we can.  We're all rowing in the same direction, and that is to ensure that the president-elect and the vice president-elect have a safe and secure inauguration tomorrow at 12 noon.

All right, Jeff?

QUESTION:  Thank you.  I -- I was just following up on one of my colleague's questions.  You had said there'll be a later time to describe the type of texts and messages that these two service members sent.  Isn't now the time?  This is the largest news story in the world.  Can the Defense Department at least characterize the texts or communications that these two National Guardsmen sent?  Were they plotting against vice -- President-elect Biden?  Were they threatening violence?  What exactly were they saying?

MR. HOFFMAN:  So I'll -- I think the general's characterized, and I'll characterize them.  They were inappropriate texts.  There's going to be a -- a continued look at this, and whether that is a internal DOD look within their chain of command or a investigation by others is -- is something that's being determined.  So it -- I -- I don't want to get ahead of that investigation and get in the way of that.  We're providing information here to the American public. 

What's important for them to know is that those individuals have been removed, they will not be at the Capitol.  And if we uncover anyone else with sending inappropriate messages or has flags that have been identified by our law enforcement partners, they will be removed as well.

QUESTION:  Well, I appreciate that you're doing everything you can.  But in this case, it almost sounds like the Defense Department is trying to hide this.  What is it that they -- can you say?  Did they threaten President-elect Biden or Kamala Harris?  Can you at least rule that out?

MR. HOFFMAN:  Jeff, once again, I'll say that we have an ongoing investigation into it.  I will share that the comments were inappropriate, and the individuals have been removed and the appropriate authorities will continue to investigate.

All right, we'll do a few more.

Tara Copp, McClatchy?

QUESTION:  Hi, Jonathan, thank you for doing this. 

My question is for General Hokanson, is, do you think that there will be a need for an overall rescreening of all Guard members, moving forward, since this kind of re-vetting for the inauguration has popped up a few concerning things? 

And how would you go about doing that?  It seems like it would be extremely difficult, given the dual role, civilian-military, and the need to do what you've characterized before as kind of a constant monitoring?  Thank you.

GEN HOKANSON:  Thanks, sir.

I would say with respect to the current processes that we have and policies, that we'll continue to do those.  And also really looking across the chain of command and their coordination with their soldiers and airmen at every level.

But I don't see any -- any current change in policies.  If there are, obviously, we'll enforce them, but I think the policies are already there in place, and we'll continue to utilize those to identify any concerns that we might have.

MR. HOFFMAN:  Abraham, Washington Examiner?

QUESTION:  Yeah, I just wanted to get clarification.  Thanks a lot for calling on me.  Wanted to get clarification of that 6,600 number for 30 days that -- can you kind of break out?  There's 25,000 Guard members in -- providing security in the Capitol right now.  That number's going to drop down to 6,600 only they -- yeah, I'll let you clarify that, thanks.

GEN HOKANSON:  So with respect to the 25,000 that we currently have, that's to meet all of the requirements that have been requested by the lead federal agency -- in this case, the United States Secret Service.  And so that's the amount that they required for the inauguration.

When we look post-inauguration, it'll depend on the conditions and of course the missions that were provided, but we did put 6,200 on early so there would at least be a residual element here if it was necessary.

And now, as we go into the days following from here, we'll stay in close coordination with all the federal law enforcement agencies to make sure that we meet their requirements but if we have excess capability and capacity, of course, we want to get those soldiers and airmen home, back home to their families and employers as soon as we can.

MR. HOFFMAN:  All right, Meghann?

QUESTION:  I don’t have a question.



QUESTION:  Just a quick follow-up, sorry, sir.  There's also a report that -- that there was chatter among QAnon websites suggesting that some QAnon members wanted to put on National Guard uniforms, and that there was concern about that.  And that there's also concern that National Guard are concerned that people are taking videos and pictures of them at the Capitol.

Can you address that?  Is that accurate, was there a law enforcement warning about somebody wanting to put on National Guard uniforms?

GEN HOKANSON:  Absolutely.  We're in close coordination with the FBI and any and all things that they come up with that may be of concern, we share that across our force.  Because we want to make sure that no matter what situation we're in, our soldiers and airmen are prepared and ready to complete their mission -- really, to protect people and property and also be able to defend themselves.

QUESTION:  But you're confirming that there were concerns about those...


GEN HOKANSON:  Yes, there are always concerns about stuff like that and we just work with the law enforcement agencies because they provide that information.  And if we see indications of anything that doesn't look right, we report it immediately.

MR. HOFFMAN:  OK.  All right, I will -- Tom, I apologize for -- for -- for dragging you down here, but thank you for coming.  Tom's got a busy day tomorrow, has a great plan in place.  We've been working closely with the Biden team. 

As you guys know, my -- my relief will be here tomorrow at 12:01 p.m., so looking forward to getting him on board and getting him up to speed.  And next time you guys are in here, he'll be -- he'll be the one briefing you.  So I know that'll be a -- he will do an incredibly good job at that, as he has always done.

So I just wanted to take a moment to thank all of you who cover the Pentagon.  What you guys do is important.  I've enjoyed almost all of our conversations over the past two years.  I have been privileged to speak to you guys from up here and I really do appreciate the work you do, it's important.

I want to thank the DOD Public Affairs teammates for their effort in sharing the good work of the Department.  I also want to thank those career military/civilian civil servants, such as General Hokanson and Tom Muir, for all they do to make this a great institution. 

And finally, given all the country has been through recently -- importantly, with COVID, civil unrest, and the attack on the Capitol on January 6th, it's important to note that in times of hazard, the American people continue to turn to for assistance the most great American -- the most trusted American institution, which is the U.S. military. 

So at a time when a lot of institutions --and so many of them -- are under assault, the credibility, transparency, and integrity of the Department of Defense should be prized and husbanded.  The men and women in uniform at DOD are among the best among all of us. 

And while we all do not want to find ourselves in times where the nation continues to need DOD to be a rock for civil society, we're here and we'll continue to perform that role and be capable of being such.  But hopefully that time will pass soon.  And when that does, we'll return our focus to our mission and our foreign adversaries who have not been distracted one bit.

So with that, take care.  Get yourselves vaccinated.  And hopefully we'll see you guys again soon.  Thanks.

Secretary Nominee Says Defense Resources Must Match Strategy

 Jan. 19, 2021 | BY Jim Garamone , DOD News

Lloyd J. Austin III, President-elect Joe Biden's choice to be defense secretary, told the Senate Armed Services Committee today that Defense Department resources and strategy must match.

A man gestures as he speaks.

"DOD needs resources to match strategy, a strategy matched to policy, and policy matched to the will of the American people," he said.

The retired Army general also dealt with reservations by some about his status as a recently retired military officer who has been nominated to become the DOD leader. Austin would require a waiver to serve in the position.

"The safety and security of our democracy demands competent civilian control of our armed forces, the subordination of military power to the civil," Austin said. "I spent my entire life committed to that principle. In war and peace, I implemented the policies of civilians [who were] elected and appointed over me." 

However, Austin knows that being a member of any president's cabinet requires a different perspective and carries unique duties from a career in uniform. "I intend to surround myself with empowered, experienced, capable civilian leaders who will enable healthy civil-military relations grounded in meaningful oversight," he said.

If confirmed, I will carry out the mission of the Department of Defense, always with the goal to deter war and ensure our nation's security.
Lloyd J. Austin III, Defense Secretary nominee

He told the committee that he will include the DOD undersecretary for policy in top decision-making meetings. This will ensure that strategic and operational decisions are informed by policy, he said. Austin also said he wants to rebalance collaboration and coordination between the Joint Staff and the Office of the Secretary of Defense to ensure civilian input is integrated at every level of the process. 

Finally, Austin assured the senators that he will emphasize that the Pentagon must work hand-in-glove with the State Department.

A man speaks.

The nominee also assured the senators that he will consult with members of Congress and respect the oversight responsibilities that Congress has on the executive branch. "We will be transparent with you," he said. "I will provide you my best counsel, and I will seek yours." 

Austin told the committee he sees China as the pacing threat for the United States. The Indo-Pacific must be the focus of the department. "I know I'll need your help in tackling these problems and to give our men and women in uniform the tools that they need to fight and win," he said.

Austin said his most immediate challenge will be the coronavirus pandemic. "If confirmed, I will quickly review the department's contributions to coronavirus relief efforts, ensuring that we're doing everything that we can to help distribute vaccines across the country and to vaccinate our troops and preserve readiness," he said.

As part of that, he said he will ensure that the department is supporting military families fighting the virus. "They, too, are educating kids at home and losing their jobs and trying to stock the pantry," he said. "We owe them our best efforts to lighten that load."

Austin also addressed the enemy in the ranks, saying service members deserve a working environment free of discrimination, hate and harassment. "I will fight hard to stamp out sexual assault and to rid our ranks of racists and extremists and to create a climate where everyone fit and willing has the opportunity to serve this country with dignity," he said. "The job of the Department of Defense is to keep America safe from our enemies, but we can't do that if some of those enemies lie within our own ranks." 

A man sits at a table in a room.

In other points, the nominee supports overturning the ban against transgender people serving in the military. 

He also wants a negotiated settlement in Afghanistan, but he said it was likely that some U.S. counterterrorism capabilities will remain in the country.

Austin noted the importance of naval power and said he will study the Navy recommendations to increase the size of the fleet.

The nominee said he personally supports the nuclear triad.

Austin said he did not seek the job of DOD secretary, but he thinks being considered is an honor. "If confirmed, I will carry out the mission of the Department of Defense, always with the goal to deter war and ensure our nation's security," he said. "I will uphold the principle of civilian control of the military, as intended. And I would not be here asking for your support if I felt that I was unable or unwilling to question people with whom I once served in operations, that I once led, or [be] too afraid to speak my mind to you or to the president. 

"I was a general and a soldier, and I'm proud of that," he said. "But today, I appear before you as a citizen, the son of a postal worker and a homemaker from Thomasville, Georgia, and I'm proud of that, too. If you confirm me, I am prepared to serve now as a civilian, fully acknowledging the importance of this distinction."

Despite COVID-19 Restrictions, Service Members Play Important Role in Inauguration

 Jan. 19, 2021 | BY C. Todd Lopez , DOD News

While the COVID-19 pandemic has curtailed much of the military-influenced pomp and circumstance that typically surrounds a presidential inauguration, service members will still play an important role during the event, said the commander of Joint Task Force — National Capital Region, which orchestrates the military's involvement.

Service members march while carrying sabers.

During a teleconference Tuesday afternoon, Army Maj. Gen. Omar Jones, who also serves as the commander of the U.S. Army Military District of Washington, outlined the roles service members will play during the inauguration of President-elect Joe Biden.

First, he said, will be to provide security support to civilian law enforcement personnel.

"All security support from the DOD [Defense Department], to the inauguration, to civil law enforcement organizations is being provided by Title 32 forces ... all through the National Guard," Jones said. Title 32 service members are National Guard personnel who are operating in support of state governors. Active duty service members operate under Title 10.

"There are no Title 10 forces that are conducting security operations in support of civilian law enforcement for the inauguration," Jones said.

In an indoor setting, service members stand in formation amid columns.

Active-duty service members from all branches of the service do have a role in the inauguration, however. They will perform traditional ceremonial roles as well as provide consequence management support, Jones said.

"Consequence management is something we do all the time, and we absolutely do for national special security events ... bottom line is that America's military is ... always ready across the components, always ready across the joint force," Jones said.

Consequence management involves U.S. military personnel being ready to provide support to civilian authorities if requested by them to do so and if that request is approved by the secretary of defense.

Jones said there are soldiers and Marines stationed within the National Capital Region ready to provide that support. There are also Navy airborne search and rescue crews and Army and Air Force helicopters, as well.

"Those are the kind of capabilities we have available ... again, if directed to provide Title 10 consequence management support," Jones said.

A service member in a colonial uniform stands behind a flag.

The most visible role the U.S. military will play is in providing ceremonial support to the inauguration, Jones said. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, there will be no inaugural parade this year, and so the military's role has been reduced.

For previous inaugurations, Jones said, some 5,500 personnel have been brought into Washington from around the world to participate in the inauguration. This year only about 2,000 personnel will participate — and most of those are from the local area.

"We have tried as much as we can ... to take from local forces," Jones said. "It hasn't been 100%, but it's been pretty darn close because we are, as you can imagine, very conscious of the pandemic, very conscious of the increased risk both to our force but also to the American public by folks having to travel. So, as much as possible, we've tried to resource all the Title 10 regular military requirements from members of the DOD team here in the National Capital Region."

This year, service members will participate in a pass and review for the new president on the steps of the U.S. Capitol. There will also be a new element to the inauguration this year. Biden will lay a wreath at Arlington National Cemetery following the swearing in ceremony, Jones said.

Uniformed service members play musical instruments.

"It's an honor to have our new president honor both our fallen as well as our unknown who are memorialized at Arlington National Cemetery, and it's humbling to be a part of that," Jones said.

Service members will also escort Biden to the White House — which is a tradition more than 230 years old.

"[It's] in keeping with the tradition that goes all the way back to our first inauguration of George Washington in 1789, when the military escorted George Washington from his swearing in to his residence in New York City," Jones said. "Frankly, it's an honor for the joint task force and for the U.S. military to be part of that and to sustain that tradition."

As part of all the U.S. military support to the inauguration, Jones said, military personnel will practice necessary social distancing.

"You will see physical distancing among all the service members, [among] the formations for the presidential escorts you will see us wearing face coverings ... to protect the force, to protect our mission, consistent with the pandemic that all of us continue to be faced with," Jones said.

Dive Duty


Marine Corps Capt. Charles O’Donnell Jr. participates in a combatant dive exercise at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, Calif., Jan. 4, 2020.

Flight Ops


Sailors rush toward an MH-60R Seahawk during flight operations aboard the USS John S. McCain in the Philippine Sea, Jan. 19, 2021.

Secure Soldier


A soldier assists another with equipment inspection before airborne operations at Aviano Air Base, Italy, Jan. 13, 2021.

Ocean Ops


Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class Andre Cajero performs maintenance on the tail of an MH-60R Seahawk helicopter in the hangar bay of the USS John in the Pacific Ocean, Jan. 15, 2021.

Flying Falcons


Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons fly in the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility, Dec. 17, 2020.

Midair Refuel


pilot controls the aircraft during a midair refueling mission over Southwest Asia, Jan. 4, 2020.

Loading Labor


Airmen help Army National Guardsmen load baggage onto an Air Force KC-46A Pegasus at Will Rogers Air National Guard Base, Okla., Jan. 17, 2021. The Oklahoma Army and Air National Guard deployed to support the presidential inauguration.

Water Work


Marines navigate a water obstacle during a squad competition at Camp Gonsalves in Okinawa, Japan, Jan. 13, 2021. The weeklong competition tested jungle survival skills, basic infantry tactics and excellence in weapons handling.

Sea Splash


Sailors participate in a visit, board, search and seizure drill in the South China Sea, Jan. 15, 2021.

Filling Out Paperwork


Soldiers in the Maryland Army National Guard use fellow soldiers' backs in front of them to fill out their medical paperwork to receive the COVID-19 vaccine at the Capitol Complex in Washington, D.C., Jan. 14, 2021. National Guard soldiers and airmen from several states have traveled to the district to provide support to federal and district authorities leading up to the 59th Presidential Inauguration.

COVID-19 Vaccine


Air Force Staff Sgt. Matthew Basa, 19th Medical Group aerospace medical technician, administers the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine at Little Rock Air Force Base, Ark., Jan 14, 2021. The Moderna COVID-19 vaccine is given in two doses and is 94.1% effective, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Card Scan


An Army soldier assigned to the 44th Infantry Brigade Combat Team, New Jersey Army National Guard, scans an individual’s COVID-19 vaccination card at the newly opened COVID-19 vaccination mega-site at the New Jersey Convention and Exposition Center, Edison, N.J., Jan 15, 2021. The guardsmen are supporting health care workers at the COVID-19 vaccination mega-site. The Edison facility is one of six mega-sites statewide.

Airborne Ops


Soldiers conduct an airborne operation from an Air Force C-130 Hercules aircraft at Juliet drop zone in Pordenone, Italy, Jan. 13, 2021.

Administering Vaccine


Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class Corey Jackson receives the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine from Navy Seaman Wamsley at Flix Theater, Naval Station Rota, Spain, Jan. 15, 2021. Naval Hospital Rota has begun administering the vaccine to frontline health care and first responders as part of the vaccination campaign.

DOD Launches 'My MilLife Guide' Text Message Program to Boost Wellness

 Jan. 19, 2021 | BY Connected Health Communications Office

Finding the right support to ease the stress of navigating daily COVID-19-related challenges can be a challenge itself.

To support the military community, the Defense Department recently launched My MilLife Guide.

This new program sends text messages designed to help the military community boost overall wellness while navigating stresses related to COVID-19. The program is only available for a limited time in early 2021 and will allow service members and spouses to directly receive motivational messages and helpful resources on their phones.

A graphic banner for My MilLife Guide

My MilLife Guide was developed by one of the military's flagship support programs, Military OneSource, in partnership with the Military Health System. From now until Feb. 12, 2021, users can opt in to receive messages four times a week, for a total of eight weeks. To sign up, service members can text “MilLife SM” and spouses can text “MilLife Spouse” to GOV311, or they can visit

My MilLife Guide starts each week with a text asking users to set a small goal, such as accomplishing a task on their to-do list or taking a small step to improve their sleeping habits. Topics covered over the course of the eight-week program include:

  • Stress relief
  • Sleeping soundly
  • Self-care
  • Virtual health tools
  • Strengthening relationships
  • Managing finances
  • Getting support
  • Prepping for the future

These text messages are specifically tailored for navigating the unique circumstances of service members and spouses as they aim to improve their physical and emotional health.

"We are excited to begin 2021 by offering a new way for service members and spouses to get support for easing stress and navigating COVID-19-related challenges texted directly to their phones," said Lee Kelley, director of Military Community Support Programs for Military Community and Family Policy. "My MilLife Guide is like a portable health and wellness coach, supporting service members and spouses as they take care of themselves and their families."

"Our service members and their families deserve the best possible care. I want to utilize all available tools to ensure their health, wellness and readiness records are easily accessible," said Army Col. (Dr.) Neil Page, deputy and military chief, Clinical Support Division, Medical Affairs at the Defense Health Agency. "The COVID-19 pandemic showed us that sometimes these tools are best provided through digital health services. We in the Military Health System are excited to partner with Military OneSource to provide a text-based wellness program that puts valuable resources at our beneficiaries' fingertips, in a new and innovative way."

A soldier shares a cell phone image with another man.

My MilLife Guide participants are encouraged to provide feedback on the program. The DOD will use this insight to help inform the development of possible future evolutions of similar text-based initiatives.

Part of the DOD, Military Community and Family Policy offers a suite of programs, tools and services – including the My Military OneSource app and – that connect the military community to resources they can use every day, from relocation planning and tax services to confidential non-medical counseling and spouse employment. These initiatives contribute to force readiness and quality of life by providing policies and programs that advance the well-being of service members, their families, survivors and other eligible members of the military community.

Military OneSource is a DOD-funded program that is both a call center and a website providing comprehensive information, resources and assistance on every aspect of military life. Service members and the families of active duty, National Guard, and reserve (regardless of activation status), Coast Guard members when activated for the Navy, DOD expeditionary civilians, and survivors are eligible for Military OneSource services which are available worldwide 24 hours a day, seven days a week, at no cost to the user.

Sports Heroes Who Served: From Lacrosse Captain to Army Leader

 Jan. 19, 2021 | BY David Vergun , DOD News

Sports Heroes Who Served is a series that highlights the accomplishments of athletes who served in the U.S. military.

Like many veterans, Edward C. Meyer was inspired to serve by a family member, an uncle who was in the Navy.

In 1948, Meyer entered the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in New York. He played lacrosse all four years at the academy and excelled. As captain, he led his team to take the Wingate Trophy, winning the national championship in 1951. He was also a two time all-American.

A lacrosse player poses for a photo.

But Meyer loved the Army even more than lacrosse and decided to make it a career. During the Korean War, he earned the Bronze Star and Silver Star medals for valorous actions, 1952 to 1953. During the war he served with the 224th Infantry Regiment, where he moved up from platoon leader to company commander and then battalion staff officer. 

In 1965, he deployed to Vietnam as deputy commander of 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) and later as commander of 2nd Battalion, 5th Cavalry Regiment in 1966. 

Lacrosse players pose for a team photo.
Lacrosse players pose for a team photo.

He served a second tour in South Vietnam from 1969 to 1970 and was commander of the 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) and later division chief of staff.

During his Vietnam War tours, he was awarded the Silver Star, Distinguished Flying Cross and the Purple Heart.

A man wearing a military uniform stands elevated as he talks to soldiers.

In the 1970s following the Vietnam War, the service was often referred to as the "hollow Army" because it suffered from shortages of personnel and equipment, deficiencies in maintenance and disciplinary issues. 

At the time Meyer became the Army chief of staff in June 1979, he said just six of the 10 Army divisions were combat ready. He quickly set about making improvements, such as improving unit cohesion and introducing lighter and more mobile vehicles to make the Army more expeditionary. He retired in June 1983 with Army readiness levels greatly heightened.

A man wearing a military uniform poses for a painting.

Some interesting facts about Meyer include:

  • His nickname was "Shy" — unusual because he was talkative and outgoing.
  • Despite leaving a promising lacrosse career behind, Meyer continued to be a physical fitness advocate. While serving as Army chief of staff, he was the Pentagon handball champion.
  • Unlike almost all of today's military leaders, Meyer lamented the end of the draft in 1973. In 1983, he said, "I have great concern about the future of a nation in which there is no responsibility for service placed upon the people."

Among  his most famous quotes are:

  • "The community of Army people — the soldiers, their families and our civilian workforce — constitute a mosaic of individual talents, concerns and capabilities united by a shared sense of purpose."
  • "Close bonds and a special relationship must endure between the military and society if we're to be an effective instrument of national power."
  • "Invariably, when a soldier has a problem, it's his first-line supervisor or first-line leaders who determine whether the soldier thinks the Army cares."

Meyer died at his home in Arlington, Virginia, on Oct. 13. He was 91.