Military News

Wednesday, June 25, 2008

Soldier Missing in Action From The Korean War is Identified

The Department of Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office (DPMO) announced today that the remains of a U.S. serviceman, missing in action from the Korean War, have been identified and will be returned to his family for burial with full military honors.

He is Sgt. Gene F. Clark, U.S.
Army, of Muncie, Ind. He will be buried June 28 in Muncie.

Representatives from the
Army met with Clark's next-of-kin to explain the recovery and identification process, and to coordinate interment with military honors on behalf of the secretary of the Army.

In September 1950, Clark was assigned to Company L, 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division then occupying a defensive position along the Nammyon River near a bend known as the "Camel's Head." On Nov. 1, 1950, parts of two Chinese Communist divisions struck the 1st Cavalry Division's lines, collapsing the perimeter and forcing a withdrawal. Clark was reported missing on Nov. 2, 1950, and was one of the more than 350 servicemen unaccounted-for from the battle at Unsan.

Between 1991-94, North Korea turned over to the United States 208 boxes of remains believed to contain the remains of 200-400 U.S. servicemen. Among several boxes turned over in 1993, one contained a dog tag for Clark, and the accompanying North Korean documents indicated that the remains were exhumed near Chonsung-Ri, Unsan County, North Pyongan Province. This location correlates with where Clark's unit fought during the battle at Unsan.

Among other
forensic identification tools and circumstantial evidence, scientists from the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC) and the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory also used mitochondrial DNA and dental comparisons in the identification of Clark's remains.

For additional information on the Defense Department's mission to account for missing Americans, visit the DPMO Web site at or call (703) 699-1169.

Pentagon Officials Testify on Chinese Military Buildup

By Army Staff Sgt. Michael J. Carden
American Forces Press Service

June 25, 2008 - Though the Defense Department doesn't see China as a strategic adversary, the country's
military buildup and lack of openness in how it's going about it has officials wondering about Chinese leaders' intentions, senior Pentagon officials told the House Armed Services Committee today. James J. Shinn, assistant secretary of defense for Asian and Pacific security affairs, and Air Force Maj. Gen. Philip M. Breedlove, vice director for strategic plans and policy for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, testified on the topic. Their testimony revolved around three key questions from the Defense Department's recently submitted China Military Power Report:

-- What are the Chinese doing in terms of their
military modernization and buildup?

-- What does it mean for the United States and its allies in the region?

-- What are the Defense Department and the U.S. government doing to react?

According to the report, the Chinese have engaged in a sizeable and sustained increase in
military expenditures over the past few years. Their official budget is reported to be about $60 billion, but the Defense Department estimates that it's twice that, Shinn said.

The buildup is across all of China's services, Shinn added. "It's comprehensive in the sea, land and air forces. It's also particularly significant that it includes its nuclear as well as the conventional forces," he continued.

Shinn noted China's heavy investment in personnel, recruiting and training, which in previous years was not as big a factor as the overall numbers of its forces. The Chinese also are devoting much effort into logistics and the command and control apparatus, he said.

China's buildup reflects a deliberate and well-thought-through strategy to invest in asymmetric warfare,
cyber warfare, and counter-space capabilities, Shinn told the House panel, and also has sophisticated cruise missile and under-sea warfare programs.

The buildup means the United States and its allies in the region could be at risk, because the increasing capabilities may alter China's intentions, which currently seem to be peaceful, Shinn said. The increasing capacity may present the Chinese
leadership with more options, he noted.

"As the Chinese nuclear forces increase their size and survivability, we don't know if [their intention] is going to alter," he explained. "We are very careful about inferring intent as to expanding capability. Part of the reason for the deep seriousness of the report is that one must always plan for the worst."

Therefore, he said, DoD will continue pressing intelligence collection and analysis to understand Chinese
leaders' intentions for their country's increased capabilities. The United States will continue to train, equip and posture Pacific forces and work closely with regional allies to strengthen their capabilities, he said.

Shinn also stressed the importance of U.S. forces engaging and maintaining dialogue with the Chinese government and
leaders of the People's Liberation Army to learn more about them and their intentions. The Defense Department does not currently see China as a strategic adversary, but rather as a competitor in some respects and a partner in others, he said.

"China's rise certainly presents a variety of opportunities and challenges, but the Chinese are definitely not destined to be an adversary," he told the committee.

Breedlove affirmed Shinn's comments, noting that cooperation continues to progress between the United States and China in areas of mutual interest such as humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, and
military environmental protection.

"An encouraging sign [of cooperation] was China's reception of relief supplies delivered to the needy Chinese by our military aircraft during this past winter's storms and most recent earthquake," Breedlove said.

military modernization is no surprise, given the country's impressive economic growth, the general said.

"[The United States] continues to communicate to China that our desire for greater transparency and openness is to gain a better understanding of their strategic intent," he said. "We believe it is clearly in the interest of all to avoid any misunderstanding or miscalculation. We continue to watch the situation closely and respond in a matter that brings peace and stability."



SHAW Environmental & Infrastructure, Inc., Alexandria, Va., was awarded on June 20, 2008, a $53,029,251 cost-plus award fee contract for base operations and support services for the directorate of public works and directorate of logistics. Work will be performed at Fort Rucker, Ala., and is expected to be completed by Sept. 30, 2012. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year. Web bids were solicited on Oct. 24, 2007, and seven bids were received. Southern Regional Contracting Center, Installation Contracting Center, Fort McPherson, Ga., is the contracting activity (W911SE-08-C-0021).

Head, Inc., Columbus, Ohio, was awarded on June 20, 2008, a $12,695,353 firm-fixed price contract for demolition of airfields and replacement. Work will be performed at Tyndall
Air Force Base, Fla., and is expected to be completed by May 20, 2009. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year. Web bids were solicited on Sept. 31, 2007, and ten bids were received. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile, Ala., is the contracting activity (W91278-08-C-0036).

Archer Western Contractors, LTD,
Phoenix, Ariz., was awarded on June 23, 2008, a $9,000,000 firm-fixed price contract for the Tres Rios environmental restoration project flow regulating wetlands. Work will be performed in Tolleson, Maricopa County, Ariz., and is expected to be completed by Nov. 6, 2009. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year. Web bids were solicited on April 29, 2008, and six bids were received. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles, Calif., is the contracting activity (W912PL-08-C-0011).

Bell Aerospace Services, Inc., Ozark, Ala., was awarded on June 20, 2008, a $7,781,781 firm-fixed price contract for refurbishment of UH-1 aircraft for the Philippines. Work will be performed in Ozark, Ala., and is expected to be completed by Aug. 31, 2009. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year. One bid was solicited on July 10, 2007. U.S.
Army Aviation and Missile Command, Redstone Arsenal, Ala. is the contracting activity (W58RGZ-08-C-0139).

Telford Aviation Inc.,
Bangor, Maine, was awarded on June 23, 2008, a $7,395,486 time and materials contract for modification for the procurement of DeHavilland Dash-7 aircraft to be designated as the Multi-Sensor Airborne Reconnaissance Surveillance Systems. Work will be performed in Hagerstown, Md., and is expected to be completed by Jan. 31, 2009. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year. One bid was solicited on May 29, 2008. CECOM Acquisition Center, Fort Monmouth, N.J., is the contracting activity (W15P7T-07-C-W009).


McDonnell Douglas Corp., a wholly owned subsidiary of The Boeing Co., St. Louis, Mo., is being awarded a not to exceed ceiling price $45,700,000 modification #0012 to a previously awarded contract (N00383-06-D-001J, order number 0004) for the purchase of initial spares in support of the E/A-18 G Growler. Work will be performed in St. Louis, Mo., and work will be completed July 2010. Contract funds will not expire before the end of the current fiscal year. The Naval Inventory Control Point (NAVICP) in Philadelphia, Pa., is the contracting activity.

DRS EW & Network Systems, Inc.,
Buffalo, N.Y., is being awarded a $6,909,165 fixed-price, time and materials contract for a Gigabit Ethernet Data Multiplex System (GEDMS) for the DDG53, a land-based GEDMS trainer, EDMS hardware, and installation and checkout repair for the DDG53 GEDMS. The GEDMS is a shipboard network for DDG51 Class Destroyers. GEDMS is a ship wide data transfer network for a ship's machinery, steering, navigation, combat, alarm and indicating, and damage control systems. It was designed to replace the miles of point-to-point cabling, signal converters, junction boxes, and switchboards associated with conventional ship's cabling. This contract includes an option which, if exercised, would bring the cumulative value of this contract to $7,009,165. Work will be performed in Johnstown, Pa. (80 percent) and Buffalo, N.Y. (20 percent), and is expected to be completed by December 2009. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year. This contract was procured on a limited competition basis with two proposals solicited and two offers received via the Federal Business Opportunities website. The Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren Division, Dahlgren, Va., is the contracting activity (N00178-08-C-2001).

Raytheon Systems Co.,McKinney, Texas, is being awarded a $6,055,004 firm-fixed-price contract for Multi-spectral Targets Systems (MTS). The MTS is a forward looking infrared system for the aircraft. The MTS provides real-time imagery selectable between infrared and day TV as well as a laser designation capability. Work will be performed in McKinney, Texas and is expected to be completed by September 2009. Contract funds in the amount of $6,055,004 will expire at the end of the current fiscal year. This contract was not competitively procured. The Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane, Crane, Ind., is the contracting activity (N00164-06-G-8555) (Job Order 0042).


L-3 Communications EO/ERs, Inc. of
Santa Rosa, Calif., is being awarded an indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contract for a maximum of $34,000,000. The contractor shall furnish the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), Directed Energy Directorate with the necessary qualified personnel, materials facilities, supplies, and travel to provide and deliver airborne ISR imaging turrets of 20" diameter and 15" diameter, in accordance with the list of technical requirements below. The turrets will be compatible with Persistent Threat Detection System (PTDS) and Airborne Reconnaissance Low (PM AR-L) airborne turret systems installations, and meet the following Technical Requirements: (CLIN 0001) Qty 6 twenty-inch (20"); (CLIN 0002) Qty 10 Fifteen-inch (15") class airborne ISR turret system; (CLIN 0006). The contractor will propose maintenance for 3 of the 20" turrets, and for 5 of the 15" turrets. The contractor shall propose complete spare parts kits for these units as well, with turnaround repair times of 10 days between turret arrival at, and shipping from, the contractor's facilities. Or, alternately, a specific best timetable as established by currently available maintenance scheduling methods as practiced in their business; (CLIN 0003). The contractor will propose upgrades to the turrets requiring approximately 10,000 engineering and manufacturing hours, for the engineering and adding of the following technology areas; High Definition Television sensors, improved MWIR sensors, fiber optic or other high bandwidth slip-ring capabilities, larger or more versatile apertures for any classes of turrets the produce, SWIR and laser technology additions to sensor suites, and upgraded pointing, tracking, operator interfaces, turret stabilization, image processing and communications. At this time $3,135,000 has been obligated. Det 8 Air Force Research laboratory/PKDB, Directed Energy Contracts Division, Directorate of Contracting, Kirtland Air Force Base, N.M., is the contracting activity (FA9451-08-D-0242).

International Business Machines Corp., of Yorktown Heights, N.Y., is being awarded a cost type contract for $2,390,799. The goal of the Wafer-Scale Graphene RF Nanoelectronics effort is to investigate two challenges that are fundamental to development of high performance carbon electronics for RF applications in
military systems. At this time $2,390,799 has been obligated. AFRL/PKDA, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, is the contracting activity (FA8650-08-C-7838).

Guard Aircraft, Crews Battle California Wildfires

By Air Force Master Sgt. Mike R. Smith
Special to American Forces Press Service

June 24, 2008 -
Army and Air National Guard members from California and North Carolina are supporting firefighting efforts in Northern California today following a state active-duty call-up by California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and a request for airborne firefighting assets by the Interagency Fire Center. The governor's office reported yesterday that a "swarm of dry lighting cells over the last 16 hours sparked nearly 400 new fires across the state, spanning from Monterey and Fresno counties to the Oregon-California border."

Schwarzenegger declared a state of emergency June 22 for
Monterey and Trinity counties. The governor made similar declarations for Butte and Santa Cruz counties June 11 and 12. At least 30 Guard members were operating in Redding, Napa and Stockton.

The Interagency
Fire Center reported more than 33,000 wild land fires in the United States this year. More than 1,000 new fires have been reported in California since June 21.

Two specially equipped C-130 Hercules aircraft, aircrews and support assets from the North Carolina Air Guard's 145th Airlift Wing arrived in Chico, Calif., yesterday, adding to 10 other Army and Air National Guard aircraft and aircrews performing firefighting missions in the state.

Four Air Guard C-130s carry special mobile airborne firefighting systems that can drop 3,000 gallons of an orange-colored water and fire-retardant mixture. In addition, four
Army National Guard UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters and one CH-47 Chinook helicopter equipped with helibuckets also are suppressing wildfires from a staging area at the Stockton Flight Facility.

Army Guard OH-58 Kiowa observation helicopters from Los Alamitos are performing fire-spotting missions out of Mather Air Field, and one RC-26 Metroliner is performing aerial reconnaissance missions. Officials reported additional requests for at least eight Army Guard aircraft from Nevada, Washington and Oregon.

(Air Force Master Sgt. Mike R. Smith serves with the National Guard Bureau.)

America Supports You: Lake Michigan Cruise Recognizes Veterans

By Meghan Vittrup
American Forces Press Service

June 24, 2008 - Veterans can once again enjoy an afternoon cruising Lake
Michigan, sharing tributes and building relationships thanks to one Illinois group. Kup's Purple Heart Cruises began in 1945 when Irv Kupcinet also known as "Kup," a Chicago Sun Times columnist, wanted to do something for servicemembers coming back from World War Two.

The 50-year tradition ended with its last cruise in 1995. Twelve years later, David Kupcinet decided to re-launch his grandfather's renowned Kup's Purple Heart Cruises.

After fours year of planning the successfully re-launched cruise took place July 31, 2007.

Kupcinet said the cruise is a way to show appreciation to veterans for their service to the country.

Kup's Purple Heart Cruise is an "effort to highlight citizen support for our
military men and women and communicate that support to the members of our armed forces at home and abroad," according to a news release from the group.

Last year, Kupcinet said, it took three and a half months to fill the 500 spots on the cruise, but "it was so successful last year it took three and a half weeks to hit capacity this year."

The cruise is not only for veterans but also active-duty servicemembers. Kupcinet said veterans range in age from 19 to 91.

"The most interesting thing was seeing the relationships built between old time veterans and [Afghanistan and Iraq] veterans," Kupcinet said. "The connection between ... veterans in their 20s and a guy from
World War Two, for example, is really a pretty amazing thing to see."

"These relationships are long-lasting relationships," said Dan Casara, a Purple Heart recipient and participant in Kup's Purple Heart Cruise. He was wounded Sept. 23, 2005, when a roadside bomb flipped his tank. He said he tries to use such events to network, meet new people, and build lasting relationships that will turn into friendships.

Kupcinet said it is a great experience to see both young and older veterans interacting and still holding on to deep
military ties and traditions, including the playful arguments over which branch of the military is the strongest.

"It's also very funny to see the branches still mess with each other even so many years after they've been in service," Kupcinet said. "We had an 89-year-old
Marine and 90-year-old sailor in the Navy, and at those ages they were still messing with each other about who was tougher."

The Purple Heart Cruise event takes place in two parts. The first part is the pierside send-off ceremony that includes presentations and speeches from the honorary chairman as well as dignitaries. There also are
military and Defense Department tributes to the veterans, Kupcinet said.

The cruise itself is the second part of the event; it is a four-hour cruise on Lake Michigan that includes of food, entertainment and camaraderie.

"It was really nice," Casara said. "It was refreshing to see other Purple Heart recipients, ... whether they were of this conflict or prior conflicts, to come out and enjoy themselves."

This year's Kup's Purple Heart Cruise will take place July 31 at Navy Pier in Chicago.

Kup's Purple Heart Foundation is a supporter of America Supports You, a Defense Department program that seeks to focus public support for the men and women in the

African Nations Working for Maritime Security

By Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Scott Cohen
Special to American Forces Press Service

June 24, 2008 - Representatives from 10 East African nations, along with coalition partners from the United Kingdom, France and the United States participated in a week-long working group to help lay a foundation for great partnership in the realm of maritime
security. Speakers from the various organizations covered a wide range of topics, including strategies for short- and long-term planning, pooling resources, regional cooperation, and security considerations at sea.

The team from Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa organized the event and was the catalyst for bringing these countries together to discuss issues pertaining to the region.

Navy Rear Adm. Philip H. Greene Jr., commander of CJTF-HOA, spoke first about the implication for why maritime security is vital to regional success.

"This is a wonderful opportunity to bring people together to develop partnerships, as well as to share information and knowledge about our path to improving maritime security and safety in the Horn and Eastern Africa," he said.

The desired end state is regional security and cooperation to help create a prosperous East Africa, Greene said.

"The importance of maritime
security and safety in this region is driven because of the economic challenges that the region faces," the admiral said. "This is due to criminal activities at sea, trafficking of drugs, smuggling of illegal cargo, trafficking of people, as well as armed robbery and piracy at sea.

"Every country has limited resources to combat these many issues, including the United States," he continued. "Whether it is money, people or ships, the resources are finite, and talking about the issues candidly allows all of us to tackle the problems within the confines of what we have."

Navy Capt. James R. Burke, director of the plans and policy directorate for CJTF-HOA, was one of the driving forces behind this workshop. One of the goals he said he hopes eventually will come from these meetings is organizing and pooling resources throughout the region.

"Whenever you build some type of maritime capacity, it is never cheap, and there are limited resources," Burke said. "What is required is to determine what the threats are and what the nation may need to combat these threats.

"It is not just about equipment, it is also a supporting legal structure," he continued. "It may also span several agencies -- it could be the
military, it could be the navy, its port authorities -- and bringing all those agencies together. It is complex environment, not a simple problem, but one that needs to be tackled."

A team from the Naval War College, in Newport, R.I., facilitated the small working groups, allowing delegates from the partner nations to discuss openly and candidly the problems each nation faces. Some challenges were common among the region's nations, but others presented were unique.

One delegate brought up the issue of having an uninformed populace regarding the laws surrounding smuggling. "If they do not know it is wrong, how can you expect them to refrain from doing illegal activities?" was a question posed by one of the attendees.

"Seeing the issues each nation is up against sets a framework for finding solutions in the future," Burke said. "Because of the limited resources involved, and the overlapping challenges the countries in the region encounter, if they can start thinking about working together to improve the overall security situation, this region in Africa will be one step closer to achieving the goals of the working group."

Concern for maritime
security is not limited to coastal nations, Burke noted. Any nation with waterways has to consider how to provide security on them, he said.

Uganda is a prime example of a land-locked country with maritime security concerns. Lt. Col. Michael Nyayrwa, head of the Uganda People's Defense Force Maritime Forces, said even though his country is in the interior of Africa, maritime security still plays a role in the overall security of his country.

"We looked at how maritime
security and safety strategies could be developed in the workshop, and we came to understand these strategies are not about navies, but about maritime domain awareness," Nyayrwa said. "It is about partnership, it is about cooperation, it is about countries pooling their resources, sharing information, and all of this is for the economic benefit for the people in this region of Africa."

He went on to say the problems of piracy and illegal fishing have an untold cost to the people as a whole and it is in the interests of everyone to work together to battle these forces.

"High crimes on our water bodies have transcended national borders, and coming together of various countries will engender prosperity of all the peoples in eastern Africa," he said.

"The framework is being laid for better regional maritime safety and security in the region," Burke said. "Ultimately, it will be up to everyone to step up and deliver on the goals talked about here."

Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Scott Cohen serves with Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa.)

Bush Commits Navy Support Following Philippines Typhoon

By Donna Miles
American Forces Press Service

June 24, 2008 - U.S. Pacific Command is moving quickly to support President Bush's promise to provide naval assets in the wake of a deadly typhoon in the Philippines that left more than 150 dead and hundreds missing. Bush expressed condolences to Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo during their White House meeting today and assured her the United States will move
Navy assets to the area to assist. "We're happy to do it. We want to help our friends in time of need," Bush said.

The official death toll from the June 21 Typhoon Fengshen stands at 163, with about 800 more missing after the ferry Princess of the Stars capsized off Sibyauan. The typhoon also damaged more than 600,000 acres of farmland.

After her session with Bush, Arroyo met with Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates at the Pentagon and also visited Deputy Secretary of State John D. Negroponte.

Arroyo expressed thanks to the United States for its willingness to provide emergency aid to the Philippines "in this hour of need" during a news conference with Negroponte. "We are deeply grateful for the response by the U.S. government, including the U.S.
Navy," she said.

Talking to reporters after their meeting, Bush said he congratulated Arroyo on her strong, effective stand on counterterrorism and her vision of peace for the region.

Face of Defense: Soldier Applies Leadership Lessons

By Army Sgt. 1st Class Chris Seaton
Special to American Forces Press Service

June 23, 2008 - June 20 was a special day for
Army 1st Sgt. Anthony Farinosi. A quick ceremony on a flight line in the middle of a combat zone marked his first day as a full-fledged, diamond-wearing first sergeant. His new job with Company C, 3rd Battalion, 158th Aviation Regiment, isn't his first time filling the role as a company's top enlisted soldier. During a previous deployment in Iraq, Farinosi held the position in the aviation intermediate maintenance company for 412th Aviation Support Battalion when he was a sergeant first class.

It was an experience, the
Irvine, Calif., native said, that he has yearned for ever since.

"My best time in the
Army has been when I worked as a first sergeant," Farinosi said. "I had 235 soldiers who were just like my kids. If I can influence one kid or keep him on the right track, then I feel like I was successful."

"First sergeant" is one of several titles Farinosi is proud of. Farinosi also is "Dad" to two teenage boys, but he's most proud of another title that he said fits all areas of his life: "coach."

Since his arrival in Germany in 2003, Farinosi has been coaching for a German community soccer club, Sportverein Oberreichenbach. Farinosi's team now competes in the 17- to 18-year-old bracket.

"Coaching is amazing because of the influence you can have on a kid," he said. "For a lot of them, the happiest time of their day is when they're playing soccer. They're training hard, learning and getting better. It's a great thing to be around."

During his time as a coach, three of the athletes he's helped mentor have been recruited to play at the Division 1 level, the highest in a country where soccer is the national sport. One of his players has even played for the German national team for his age group.

Farinosi said cultural differences are no longer an issue, as the players are older and have become used to him and his sons, who also play for the club.

"The German kids have really accepted us," he said. "I see them around town and they smile and they get excited to see me, because I take the time to work with them. That makes me feel really good. I don't have all the answers, but I can show them what they're doing wrong and help them find the right way to do it."

His new commander, Capt. Barbara Burger, who also worked with him in 412th Aviation Support Battalion, said Farinosi's ability to mentor and motivate transcends the soccer field.

"He teaches his soldiers what he expects of them and then lets them make their own decisions," she said.

Farinosi said the jobs go hand in hand and that doing one often helps him with the other.

"Coaching helps with patience, and the first sergeant job teaches me a lot of structure that I can apply toward coaching," he said. "As the kids on my team get older, they like to joke around and get a little lippy sometimes – just like soldiers. Some of my soldiers are only a couple of years older than the kids on my team."

Because he's been deployed for nearly a year, Farinosi has missed a full season of soccer. He'll be back in Germany in time for one more season before it's time to leave Europe. Ultimately though, he said he wants to return to Germany someday with a new title: "teacher."

"I'm going to get my teaching certificate and become a teacher and coach, hopefully at a Department of Defense school in Germany," Farinosi said. "My dad always told me that if you always do the right thing, you never have to worry about things going wrong. My goal has always been to take care of people, no matter who they are."

Army Sgt. 1st Class Chris Seaton serves in Multinational Division Baghdad with the Task Force 12 Public Affairs Office.)